Baker County

Key Organizations and Activities

Oregon Rural Action commissioned an analysis of Baker County’s farm and food economy from the Crossroads Resource Center in 2011. That study estimated that more than 90% of food purchased by residents is sourced from outside the county, and concluded, in part, that: “If Baker County residents purchased 15% of their food for home use directly from county farmers, this would generate $3.7 million of new farm income for the county. This would require each resident of the county to buy, on average, less than $5.00 of food directly from farmers each week.”

Oregon Rural Action also published a Farm and Food Directory, with listings for five counties, including Baker County.

Northeast Oregon Economic Development District has offered farm and food business planning classes, farm succession training, workshops on season extension, and supported grant applications by local community partners.

The Baker Food Co-op is an outlet for local farm and food products.

Community Goals and Recommendations

A community food assessment has not been completed for Baker County. However, the Northeast Oregon Economic Development District’s Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy for Baker, Union and Wallowa Counties for 2013-2018 includes a focus area on food systems development:

  • Activities: Provide training to food producers and organizations, connect producers, help implement strategic plans.
  • Short-Term Objectives: Increased knowledge & skills of food producers, connections made between producers.
  • Intermediate Objective: More locally-produced food eaten in the region and increased exports of value-added food.
  • Long-term Goals: Businesses realize higher net incomes, create new, higher-wage jobs, increase product exports; consumers spend and invest more within the region.

An associated project description reads: “Collaborate with agricultural producers, processors & advocates to identify existing and needed equipment/facilities and services to enhance regional food systems and access to markets; conduct supply chain/product transportation assessment, share information; identify potential funding mechanisms.

GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Baker
Population (2007) 3,745,455 16,435
Population (2014) 3,962,710 16,325
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   -1%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Baker
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $43,053,379
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $45,050,721
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   5%
FOOD ACCESS AND INSECURITY
SUPERMARKETS AND GROCERY STORES Oregon Baker
2007 Grocery Stores 751 9
2013 Grocery Stores 768 8
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -11.1%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 1,826
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 2,035
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   11.4%
       
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Baker
2007 394 1
2013 366 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   100.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Baker
2006 Percentage 1.0% 13.1%
     2006 People Affected 36,785 2140
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 14.0%
     2010 People Affected 195,215 2,263
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   7.1%
AVERAGE COST OF A MEAL Oregon Baker
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.83
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.88
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   1.8%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Baker
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 19.4%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 18.3%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   -5.7%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Baker
2009 16.8% 17.9%
2013 15.8% 16.7%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -6.7%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Baker
2009 68% 60%
2013 73% 71%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   18.3%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Baker
2015 Farmers Markets 172 1
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 1
Percent of Total 49%   100%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Baker
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) N
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Baker
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 1
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 16,280
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Baker
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 2
Number of Schools Included 1,262 11
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 18.2%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 3
Number of Schools Included 1,174 8
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 37.5%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   50.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Baker
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 869,523
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 710,789
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -18.3%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Baker
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $546
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $1,014
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   85.7%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Baker
2002: Total Farms 40,033 703
2012: Total Farms 35,439 645
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -8.3%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 459
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 393
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -14.4%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 132
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 113
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   -14.4%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 70
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 50
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -28.6%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 42
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 89
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   111.9%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Baker
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 5
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 31
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   520.0%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 15
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 24
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   60.0%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 60
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 74
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   23.3%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 415
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 327
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -21.2%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 26
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 9
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -65.4%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 31
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 19
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -38.7%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 65
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 47
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -27.7%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Baker
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 617
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 531
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -13.9%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Baker
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 22
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 12
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 4
2007 Total Food Crops 85   38
2007  Average # of different food crops 35 38
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 17
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 12
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 6
2012 Total Food Crops 85   35
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0% -7.9%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 35
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%    -7.9%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Baker
2002: Organic Farms 515 3
2012: Organic Farms 554 9
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   200.0%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Baker
2002: Average Age 54.9 54.9
2012: Average Age 59.6 58.7
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   6.9%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Baker
2007 67,222 898
2014 61,967 851
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -5.2%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Baker
2007 $1,020,772,000 $7,324,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $9,102,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   24.3%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Baker
2007 $15,185 $8,156
2014 $17,907 $10,696
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   31.1%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Baker
2012: Number of Farms 761 6
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1% 0.9%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Baker
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 41
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 51
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   24.4%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 7.9%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Baker
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 70
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 82
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   17.1%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 12.7%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $120,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $298,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   148.3%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $1,714.29
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $3,634.15
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   112.0%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $7.19
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $18.38
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   155.8%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Baker
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 2
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   100.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.6%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Baker
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 1
2015 Farmers Markets 172 1
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   0%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 16,450
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 16,325
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -0.8%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Baker
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 1
Number of School Districts 202 4
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64% 25%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Baker
2012 1,898 15
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4% 2.3%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Baker
2007 467 Not Disclosed
2013 753 5
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%    
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Baker
2007 498 2
2013 548 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.0%   0.0%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Baker
1-4 Employees 163 1
5-9 Employees 88 0
10-19 Employees 78 0
20-49 Employees 80 1
50-99 Employees 42 0
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 Not Disclosed
Ranges for non-disclosed data 20-99 emp.
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 Not Disclosed
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Baker
1-4 Employees 202 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   0.0%
5-9 Employees 110 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%    
10-19 Employees 70 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%  
20-49 Employees 69 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%   -100.0%
50-99 Employees 41 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%
100-249 Employees 37 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%
2013 Total Processor Employment 21,661 B
Ranges for non-disclosed data 20-99 emp.
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2013 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 D
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%