Clackamas County

Key Organizations and Activities

Clackamas County published an “Agriculture Investment Plan” in 2010 and an “Agriculture and Food Shed Strategic Plan” in 2012. Both documents appear to have been withdrawn from circulation. A presentation on a “One Stop” component of the Agriculture Investment Plan can still be found archived by Oregon Solutions. A copy of the “Implementation Matrix” for the Food Shed Strategic Plan can still be found archived by USDA Western SARE. Currently, Clackamas County only maintains a “Food Support” webpage, which lists CSA farms, farmers’ markets and emergency food assistance sites. The city of Damascus also published its own “Healthy Food Damascus Plan” in 2013.

Oregon Food Bank published a community food assessment for Clackamas County in 2015.

Organizations involved in food systems work in Clackamas County include the Bull Run Foodshed Alliance, Food Waves, and Estacada SEED (Stewarding an Edible Estacada District – a non-profit, community-based program that promotes garden education in Estacada Schools). A Hoodland Farmacy food buying club has also been formed.

There is some urgency for work on farm and food issues in Clackamas County. Clackamas received the lowest farm-base indicator ranking in Oregon, earning only 5% of available points. Clackamas is losing land in farms (-24.4% since 2002), and, in particular, losing farms that raise food crops (-8.8% with 268 fewer farms). At the same time, however, the number of farmers turning to value-added product strategies is increasing (+8.8% with 74 new enterprises launched), as are the number of sole proprietor food businesses (+70.3% since 2007 with 26 new businesses launched) and the payrolls of food processor employers (+42.4% since 2007).

Community Goals and Recommendations

Priorities from the 2012 Clackamas Food Shed Strategic Plan include:

  1. Develop a regional (food product) brand.
  2. Identify opportunities for producers to increase production and sales of local food products. Define key links to regional processors, distributors and consumer outlets.
  3. Provide information on organic and other certification systems and processes.
  4. Provide access to education and training resources for farm business expansion.

The 2015 community food assessment for Clackamas County includes goals in several areas:

  1. Food Production:
    1. Organize farm tours and events to increase community awareness of local farms.
    2. Strengthen farmer networks and access to shared resources.
    3. Conduct feasibility study for agricultural storage and processing facilities.
  2. Food Consumption:
    1. Increase SNAP outreach at food pantries, farmers’ markets and grocery stores.
    2. Nutrition, food preparation, and food preservation for low-income families.
    3. Determine feasibility of rural retail stores increasing local produce sourcing.
  3. Community Involvement:
    1. Create a Clackamas County local food guide.
    2. Document the economic and social benefits of local food in Clackamas County.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Clackamas
Population (2007) 3,745,455 368,214
Population (2014) 3,962,710 391,525
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   6%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Clackamas
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $964,579,059
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $1,080,458,413
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   12%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Clackamas
2007 Grocery Stores 751 56
2013 Grocery Stores 768 60
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   7.1%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 6,575
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 6,435
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -2.1%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Clackamas
2007 394 32
2013 366 28
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   -12.5%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Clackamas
2006 Percentage 1.0% 0.1%
2006 People Affected 36,785 257
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 3.1%
2010 People Affected 195,215 11,709
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   3775.0%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Clackamas
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.63
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $3.02
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   14.8%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Clackamas
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 8.9%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 9.7%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   9.0%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Clackamas
2009 16.8% 14.5%
2013 15.8% 12.6%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -13.1%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Clackamas
2009 68% 59%
2013 73% 80%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   35.6%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Clackamas
2015 Farmers Markets 172 16
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 4
Percent of Total 49%   25%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Clackamas
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published Y
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) N
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Clackamas
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 13
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 29,698
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Clackamas
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 10
Number of Schools Included 1,262 112
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 8.9%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 51
Number of Schools Included 1,174 103
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 49.5%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   410.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent Y
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Clackamas
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 215,210
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 162,667
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -24.4%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Clackamas
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $9,600
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $13,486
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   40.5%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Clackamas
2002: Total Farms 40,033 4676
2012: Total Farms 35,439 3,745
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -19.9%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 3908
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 3114
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -20.3%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 458
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 365
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   -20.3%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 131
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 115
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -12.2%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 179
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 151
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   -15.6%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Clackamas
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 179
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 157
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   -12.3%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 624
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 497
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   -20.4%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 547
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 730
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   33.5%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 1169
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 949
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -18.8%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 71
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 35
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -50.7%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 204
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 124
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -39.2%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 242
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 276
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   14.0%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 3036
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 2,768
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -8.8%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Clackamas
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 37
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 24
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 4
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   65
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Greater Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 34
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 25
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 8
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   67
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   3.1%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Greater Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Clackamas
2002: Organic Farms 515 63
2012: Organic Farms 554 53
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   -15.9%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Clackamas
2002: Average Age 54.9 54.4
2012: Average Age 59.6 59.3
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   9.0%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Clackamas
2007 67,222 8,302
2014 61,967 6,600
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -20.5%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Clackamas
2007 $1,020,772,000 $149,111,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $113,583,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   -23.8%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Clackamas
2007 $15,185 $17,961
2014 $17,907 $17,210
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   -4.2%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Clackamas
2012: Number of Farms 761 58
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1% 1.5%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Clackamas
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 257
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 331
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   28.8%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 8.8%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Clackamas
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 841
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 839
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   -0.2%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 22.4%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $1,759,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $3,241,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   84.3%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $2,091.56
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $3,862.93
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   84.7%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $5.03
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $8.49
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   68.7%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Clackamas
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 22
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 35
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   59.1%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.9%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Clackamas
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 10
2015 Farmers Markets 172 16
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   60%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 37,473
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 24,470
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -34.7%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Clackamas
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 8
Number of School Districts 202 10
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   80%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Clackamas
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 206
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   5.5%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Clackamas
2007 467 37
2013 753 63
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%   70.27%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Clackamas
2007 498 38
2013 548 43
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   13.2%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Clackamas
1-4 Employees 163 12
5-9 Employees 88 7
10-19 Employees 78 5
20-49 Employees 80 7
50-99 Employees 42 4
100-249 Employees 28 2
More than 250 Employees 19 1
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 1170
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $51,366,000
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Clackamas
1-4 Employees 202 12
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   0.0%
5-9 Employees 110 12
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%   71.4%
10-19 Employees 70 6
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   20.0%
20-49 Employees 69 7
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%   0.0%
50-99 Employees 41 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%   -75.0%
100-249 Employees 37 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%   100.0%
More than 250 Employees 19 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%   0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 1513
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%   29.3%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 $73,169,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%   42.4%