Crook County

Key Organizations and Activities

Central Oregon Intergovernmental Council (COIC) completed a community food assessment for Central Oregon in 2010, which included Crook, Deschutes and Jefferson Counties.

COIC also completed feasibility studies for a Community Supported Marketing Initiative fore Meat Products (2012) and a Central Oregon Food Hub (2013).

The High Desert Food & Farm Alliance (HDFFA) was formed in 2012 to support a community based food system in Central Oregon. HDFFA provides links to resources for farmers and ranchers, maintains a list of regional community gardens and garden with guidance for starting new gardens, and offers Seed to Supper and Cooking Matters classes.

HDFFA also publishes an annual local food and farm directory for Central Oregon.

A Central Oregon Food Summit was held in 2014.

Central Oregon Locavore is a non-profit social enterprise that supports local farms and food producers through an in-door retail market and educational programs for consumers and youth.

A Crook County Small Farms Alliance has also formed which is organizing regular Crooked River Open Pastures farm tour events.

Community Goals and Recommendations

Priorities from the 2010 community food assessment included:

Food Production

  • Define and communicate market demand for local products.
  • Diversify and expand production of alternate crops.
  • Enhance coordination and specialization among growers.
  • Leverage federal assistance programs to increase accessibility of local products for low-income families.
  • Provide guidance for producers on perceived regulatory barriers.
  • Assess and communicate factors affecting farm profitability in local markets.
  • Support farmer networking.

Making the Connection: Consumers and Producers

  • Address commercial buyer concerns for product availability, quality, consistency, and food safety.
  • Support cooperative marketing and distribution efforts.
  • Facilitate communication between sellers and buyers on key concerns.
  • Build capacity of local farmers’ markets to improve operations.
  • Address transportation issues limiting low-income access to food.
  • Provide nutrition, gardening, shopping on a budget, and cooking skills education.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Crook
Population (2007) 3,745,455 25,885
Population (2014) 3,962,710 20,780
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   -20%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Crook
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $67,808,744
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $57,344,808
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   -15%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Crook
2007 Grocery Stores 751 6
2013 Grocery Stores 768 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -33.3%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 4,314
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 5,173
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   19.9%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Crook
2007 394 1
2013 366 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   100.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Crook
2006 Percentage 1.0% 3.2%
2006 People Affected 36,785 594
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 4.5%
2010 People Affected 195,215 952
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   42.9%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Crook
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $3.48
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $5.01
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   44.0%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Crook
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 13.6%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 20.8%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   52.9%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Crook
2009 16.8% 22.2%
2013 15.8% 17.7%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -20.3%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Crook
2009 68% 79%
2013 73% 70%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   -11.4%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Crook
2015 Farmers Markets 172 1
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 1
Percent of Total 49%   100%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Crook
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Crook
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 2
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 10,345
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Crook
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 1
Number of Schools Included 1,262 8
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 12.5%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 2
Number of Schools Included 1,174 7
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 28.6%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   100.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Crook
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 937,628
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 822,676
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -12.3%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Crook
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $531
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $909
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   71.2%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Crook
2002: Total Farms 40,033 685
2012: Total Farms 35,439 551
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -19.6%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 558
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 430
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -22.9%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 58
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 69
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   19.0%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 40
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 21
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -47.5%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 29
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 31
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   6.9%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Crook
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 9
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 9
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   0.0%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 0
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 9
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 65
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 100
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   53.8%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 336
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 269
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -19.9%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 16
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 5
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -68.8%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 34
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 20
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -41.2%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 47
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 36
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -23.4%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 507
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 448
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -11.6%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Crook
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 3
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 2
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 4
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   9
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Less Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 16
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 6
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 3
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   25
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   177.8%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Less Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Crook
2002: Organic Farms 515 5
2012: Organic Farms 554 2
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   -60.0%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Crook
2002: Average Age 54.9 54.1
2012: Average Age 59.6 59.8
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   10.5%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Crook
2007 67,222 804
2014 61,967 704
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -12.4%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Crook
2007 $1,020,772,000 $4,197,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $5,654,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   34.7%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Crook
2007 $15,185 $5,220
2014 $17,907 $8,031
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   53.9%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Crook
2012: Number of Farms 761 3
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1% 0.5%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Crook
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 64
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 56
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   -12.5%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 10.2%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Crook
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 62
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 94
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   51.6%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 17.1%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $90,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $268,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   197.8%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $1,451.61
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $2,851.06
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   96.4%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $4.46
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $12.98
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   191.3%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Crook
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 10
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 6
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   -40.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 1.1%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Crook
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 1
2015 Farmers Markets 172 1
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   0%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 27,185
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 20,780
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -23.6%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Crook
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 1
Number of School Districts 202 1
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   100%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Crook
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 12
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   2.2%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Crook
2007 467 3
2013 753 D
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Crook
2007 498 0
2013 548 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   NA
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Crook
1-4 Employees 163 0
5-9 Employees 88 0
10-19 Employees 78 0
20-49 Employees 80 0
50-99 Employees 42 0
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 0
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $0
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Crook
1-4 Employees 202 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  23.9%   0.0% 
5-9 Employees 110 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  25.0%   0.0%
10-19 Employees 70 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -10.3%   0.0% 
20-49 Employees 69 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -13.8%   0.0% 
50-99 Employees 41 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -13.8%   0.0% 
100-249 Employees 37 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -13.8%   0.0%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  0.0%   0.0% 
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 0
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%