Deschutes County

Key Organizations and Activities

Central Oregon Intergovernmental Council (COIC) completed a community food assessment for Central Oregon in 2010, which included Crook, Deschutes and Jefferson Counties.

COIC also completed feasibility studies for a Community Supported Marketing Initiative fore Meat Products (2012) and a Central Oregon Food Hub (2013).

The High Desert Food & Farm Alliance (HDFFA) was formed in 2012 to support a community based food system in Central Oregon. HDFFA provides links to resources for farmers and ranchers, maintains a list of regional community gardens and garden with guidance for starting new gardens, and offers Seed to Supper and Cooking Matters classes.

HDFFA also publishes an annual local food and farm directory for Central Oregon.

A Central Oregon Food Summit was held in 2014.

Central Oregon Locavore is a non-profit social enterprise that supports local farms and food producers through an in-door retail market and educational programs for consumers and youth.

Agricultural Connections aggregates products from local and regional farm and food businesses for delivery to consumers who place orders on-line.

Community Goals and Recommendations

Priorities from the 2010 community food assessment included:

Food Production

  • Define and communicate market demand for local products.
  • Diversify and expand production of alternate crops.
  • Enhance coordination and specialization among growers.
  • Leverage federal assistance programs to increase accessibility of local products for low-income families.
  • Provide guidance for producers on perceived regulatory barriers.
  • Assess and communicate factors affecting farm profitability in local markets.
  • Support farmer networking.

Making the Connection: Consumers and Producers

  • Address commercial buyer concerns for product availability, quality, consistency, and food safety.
  • Support cooperative marketing and distribution efforts.
  • Facilitate communication between sellers and buyers on key concerns.
  • Build capacity of local farmers’ markets to improve operations.
  • Address transportation issues limiting low-income access to food.
  • Provide nutrition, gardening, shopping on a budget, and cooking skills education.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Deschutes
Population (2007) 3,745,455 160,810
Population (2014) 3,962,710 166,400
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   3%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Deschutes
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $421,260,350
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $459,200,000
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   9%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Deschutes
2007 Grocery Stores 751 34
2013 Grocery Stores 768 32
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -5.9%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 4,730
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 5,079
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   7.4%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Deschutes
2007 394 22
2013 366 22
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   0.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Deschutes
2006 Percentage 1.0% 14.0%
2006 People Affected 36,785 164
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 4.4%
2010 People Affected 195,215 7,001
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   -68.6%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Deschutes
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.51
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $3.00
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   19.5%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Deschutes
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 8.9%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 15.0%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   68.5%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Deschutes
2009 16.8% 18.2%
2013 15.8% 15.6%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -14.3%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Deschutes
2009 68% 78%
2013 73% 75%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   -3.8%
     
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Deschutes
2015 Farmers Markets 172 3
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 0
Percent of Total 49%   0%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Deschutes
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Deschutes
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 9
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 18,058
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Deschutes
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 3
Number of Schools Included 1,262 41
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 7.3%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 13
Number of Schools Included 1,174 44
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 29.5%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   333.3%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Deschutes
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 138,226
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 131,036
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -5.2%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Deschutes
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $5,172
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $7,015
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   35.6%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Deschutes
2002: Total Farms 40,033 1632
2012: Total Farms 35,439 1,283
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -21.4%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 1496
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 1149
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -23.2%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 96
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 103
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   7.3%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 25
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 19
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -24.0%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 15
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 12
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   -20.0%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Deschutes
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 9
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 30
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   233.3%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 1
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 13
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   1200.0%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 247
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 255
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   3.2%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 574
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 462
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -19.5%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 29
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 12
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -58.6%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 75
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 58
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -22.7%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 116
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 95
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -18.1%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 1051
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 925
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -12.0%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Deschutes
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 17
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 9
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 4
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   30
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Less Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 14
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 7
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 6
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   27
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   -10.0%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Less Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Deschutes
2002: Organic Farms 515 16
2012: Organic Farms 554 6
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   -62.5%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Deschutes
2002: Average Age 54.9 55.3
2012: Average Age 59.6 59.7
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   8.0%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Deschutes
2007 67,222 1,609
2014 61,967 1,533
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -4.7%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Deschutes
2007 $1,020,772,000 $5,168,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $8,848,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   71.2%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Deschutes
2007 $15,185 $3,212
2014 $17,907 $5,772
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   79.7%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Deschutes
2012: Number of Farms 761 9
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1%   0.7%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Deschutes
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 99
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 143
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   44.4%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 11.1%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Deschutes
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 241
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 246
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   2.1%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 19.2%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $592,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $908,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   53.4%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $2,456.43
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $3,691.06
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   50.3%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $4.68
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $5.67
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   21.2%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Deschutes
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 6
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 8
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   33.3%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.6%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Deschutes
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 3
2015 Farmers Markets 172 3
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   0%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 56,868
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 55,467
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -2.5%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Deschutes
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 3
Number of School Districts 202 3
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   100%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Deschutes
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 46
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   3.6%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Deschutes
2007 467 18
2013 753 39
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%   116.67%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Deschutes
2007 498 29
2013 548 28
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   -3.4%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Deschutes
1-4 Employees 163 10
5-9 Employees 88 8
10-19 Employees 78 7
20-49 Employees 80 3
50-99 Employees 42 1
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 316
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $6,423,000
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Deschutes
1-4 Employees 202 13
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   30.0%
5-9 Employees 110 9
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%   12.5%
10-19 Employees 70 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   -57.1%
20-49 Employees 69 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%   -33.3%
50-99 Employees 41 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%   0.0%
100-249 Employees 37 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  32.1%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 223
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%   -29.4%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 $6,390,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%   -0.5%