Douglas County

Key Organizations and Activities

Neighborworks Umpqua completed a community food assessment for Douglas County in 2013. A progress report was also issued in 2014.

Neighborworks Umpqua is community-focused non-profit that serves Douglas, Coos and Curry counties, and is a partner in Umpqua Local Goods – a social enterprise that includes a commercial kitchen and a retail store featuring local farm and food products and other goods.

Neighborworks Umpqua is also the lead coordinator for a Southwestern Oregon Food Systems Collaborative, which is implementing a Wealthworks Northwest project in Douglas, Coos and Curry counties to support local and regional value chain development for fishers.

Think Local Umpqua publishes an on-line directory of independent businesses in Douglas County that includes farm and food businesses.

A Markets of Umpqua initiative has been started to jointly brand and promote five county farmers’ markets.

A volunteer-led Umpqua Urban Edibles Project also started in 2015 to develop edible landscapes in parks, at churches and in other publicly accessible spaces.

Community Goals and Recommendations

Priorities from the 2013 community food assessment include:

Recommendations for Agriculture

  1. Offer technical assistance for farmers, especially small diversified and organic farmers.
  2. Create opportunities for farmers to network formally and informally.
  3. Provide information and support for farmers wanting to add value to farm goods.
  4. Support efforts to coordinate and strengthen food distribution networks locally.
  5. Investigate potential for expanding free-range poultry farming.

Recommendations for Food Access

  1. Increase access to fresh, local food to recipients of federal benefits like WIC and SNAP.
  2. Increase access to cooking and nutrition education for low-income students and adults.
  3. Expand gleaning throughout the county.

Recommendations for Community Food Efforts

  1. Continue communication among groups working for a resilient food future.
  2. Identify or create a key organization or coalition to drive goals.
  3. Measure economic impact of farmers markets to generate additional public support.
  4. Decrease local sourcing hurdles for small- and mid-scale wholesale markets such as restaurants and institutions.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Douglas
Population (2007) 3,745,455 106,502
Population (2014) 3,962,710 109,385
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   3%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Douglas
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $278,994,278
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $301,860,529
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   8%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Douglas
2007 Grocery Stores 751 30
2013 Grocery Stores 768 27
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -10.0%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 3,550
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 4,031
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   13.6%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Douglas
2007 394 8
2013 366 9
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   12.5%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Douglas
2006 Percentage 1.0% 3.1%
2006 People Affected 36,785 3032
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 11.3%
2010 People Affected 195,215 12,203
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   269.3%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Douglas
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.73
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.73
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   0.0%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Douglas
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 13.7%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 19.7%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   43.8%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Douglas
2009 16.8% 20.5%
2013 15.8% 17.3%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -15.6%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Douglas
2009 68% 82%
2013 73% 84%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   2.4%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Douglas
2015 Farmers Markets 172 6
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 2
Percent of Total 49%   33%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Douglas
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) N
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Douglas
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 2
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 54,425
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Douglas
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 2
Number of Schools Included 1,262 48
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 4.2%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 20
Number of Schools Included 1,174 44
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 45.5%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   900.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Douglas
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 390,140
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 382,386
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -2.0%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Douglas
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $2,060
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $3,084
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   49.7%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Douglas
2002: Total Farms 40,033 2110
2012: Total Farms 35,439 1,927
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -8.7%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 1888
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 1652
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -12.5%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 156
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 185
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   18.6%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 37
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 49
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   32.4%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 29
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 41
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   41.4%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Douglas
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 55
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 67
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   21.8%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 229
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 217
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   -5.2%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 288
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 371
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   28.8%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 927
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 843
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -9.1%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 37
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 45
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   21.6%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 90
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 46
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -48.9%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 340
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 239
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -29.7%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 1966
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 1,828
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -7.0%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Douglas
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 28
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 24
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 4
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   56
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Greater Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 27
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 19
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 5
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   51
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   -8.9%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Greater Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Douglas
2002: Organic Farms 515 39
2012: Organic Farms 554 14
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   -64.1%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Douglas
2002: Average Age 54.9 57.3
2012: Average Age 59.6 62.4
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   8.9%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Douglas
2007 67,222 2,400
2014 61,967 2,254
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -6.1%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Douglas
2007 $1,020,772,000 $10,066,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $15,533,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   54.3%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Douglas
2007 $15,185 $4,194
2014 $17,907 $6,891
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   64.3%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Douglas
2012: Number of Farms 761 23
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1% 1.2%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Douglas
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 166
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 203
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   22.3%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 10.5%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Douglas
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 395
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 346
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   -12.4%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 18.0%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $1,382,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $1,761,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   27.4%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $3,498.73
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $5,089.60
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   45.5%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $13.56
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $16.28
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   20.0%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Douglas
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 20
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 18
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   -10.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.9%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Douglas
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 1
2015 Farmers Markets 172 6
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   500%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 107,700
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 18,231
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -83.1%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Douglas
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 8
Number of School Districts 202 14
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   57%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Douglas
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 63
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   3.3%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Douglas
2007 467 15
2013 753 20
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%   33.33%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Douglas
2007 498 3
2013 548 11
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   266.7%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Douglas
1-4 Employees 163 1
5-9 Employees 88 0
10-19 Employees 78 1
20-49 Employees 80 0
50-99 Employees 42 0
100-249 Employees 28 1
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 D
Ranges for non-disclosed data 250-499 emp.
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 D
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Douglas
1-4 Employees 202 6
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   500.0%
5-9 Employees 110 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  25.0%
10-19 Employees 70 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   0.0%
20-49 Employees 69 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -13.8%
50-99 Employees 41 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -2.4%
100-249 Employees 37 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%   0.0%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 182
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 $7,729,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%