Gilliam County

Key Organizations and Activities

The Community Action Program of East Central Oregon completed a community food assessment for East Central Oregon, including Gilliam County, in 2010.

Columbia Plateau Food Links is a regional group of individuals and organizations networking to promote and coordinate a healthy, sustainable and economically viable community food system. An associated Facebook page provides posting on regional farm and food events.

A local food guide for Gilliam and Wheeler counties was published in 2011.

A garden have been established at Condon Child Care.

There are also farmers’ markets in Condon.

Other local resources appear to be focused primarily on emergency food assistance.

Community Goals and Recommendations

The 2010 Community Food Assessment included the following priorities:

  1. Increase outreach and networking around local food and farm opportunities.
  2. Expand educational opportunities for community members.
    1. Identify and distribute cooking and meal planning materials at food pantries.
    2. Identify and coordinate with gardening and agricultural education resources to increase gardening and agricultural entrepreneurial skills.
  3. Support community-focused food and farm opportunities, ideas and resources.
    1. Recognize economic development through local food as a legitimate strategy.
    2. Encourage development of more local food and farm entrepreneurial opportunities, specifically CSAs, farm stands, meat slaughter and processing, and value-added enterprises.
  4. Increase the number of venues featuring local or regionally produced food.
  5. Ensure regular access to a stable fresh food supply for all citizens year-round.
    1. Increase the amount of fresh food available at food pantries.
    2. Establish programs that feed children including summer lunch, fresh snacks, breakfast, dinner and weekend meals.

These are worthy goals, but community engagement and commitment need to be increased.

GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Gilliam
Population (2007) 3,745,455 1,874
Population (2014) 3,962,710 1,975
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   5%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Gilliam
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $4,909,159
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $5,450,240
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   11%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Gilliam
2007 Grocery Stores 751 3
2013 Grocery Stores 768 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   0.0%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 625
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 648
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   3.8%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Gilliam
2007 394 0
2013 366 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   NA
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Gilliam
2006 Percentage 1.0% 34.2%
2006 People Affected 36,785 652
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 21.4%
2010 People Affected 195,215 400
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   -37.4%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Gilliam
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.67
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.92
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   9.4%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Gilliam
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 10.8%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 7.8%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   -27.8%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Gilliam
2009 16.8% 13.0%
2013 15.8% 14.0%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   7.7%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Gilliam
2009 68% 35%
2013 73% 61%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   74.3%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Gilliam
2015 Farmers Markets 172 1
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 0
Percent of Total 49%   0%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Gilliam
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Gilliam
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 1
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 1,945
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Gilliam
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 0
Number of Schools Included 1,262 4
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 0.0%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 0
Number of Schools Included 1,174 2
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 0.0%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   0.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent N
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent Y
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Gilliam
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 642,996
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 723,405
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   12.5%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Gilliam
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $305
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $498
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   63.3%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Gilliam
2002: Total Farms 40,033 156
2012: Total Farms 35,439 170
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   9.0%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 79
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 89
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   12.7%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 30
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 13
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   -56.7%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 33
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 16
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -51.5%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 14
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 52
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   271.4%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Gilliam
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 1
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 0
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   -100.0%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 0
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 2
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%  
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 11
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 7
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   -36.4%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 57
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 41
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -28.1%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 2
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 2
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   0.0%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 2
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 4
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   100.0%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 2
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 0
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -100.0%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 75
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 56
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -25.3%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Gilliam
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 4
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 4
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 5
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   13
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Less Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 0
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 2
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 5
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   7
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   -46.2%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Less Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Gilliam
2002: Organic Farms 515 1
2012: Organic Farms 554 0
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   -100.0%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Gilliam
2002: Average Age 54.9 58.4
2012: Average Age 59.6 61.7
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   5.7%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Gilliam
2007 67,222 248
2014 61,967 251
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   1.2%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Gilliam
2007 $1,020,772,000 $3,196,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $5,427,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   69.8%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Gilliam
2007 $15,185 $12,887
2014 $17,907 $21,622
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   67.8%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Gilliam
2012: Number of Farms 761 2
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1% 1.2%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Gilliam
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 6
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   -33.3%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 2.4%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Gilliam
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 4
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 6
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   50.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 3.5%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 (D)
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $5,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%  
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $833.33
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%  
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $2.63
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%  
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Gilliam
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 1
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   200.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 1.8%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Gilliam
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 0
2015 Farmers Markets 172 1
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 1,975
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Gilliam
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 1
Number of School Districts 202 2
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   50%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Gilliam
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 2
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   1.2%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Gilliam
2007 467 0
2013 753 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Gilliam
2007 498 0
2013 548
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   NA
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Gilliam
1-4 Employees 163 0
5-9 Employees 88 0
10-19 Employees 78 0
20-49 Employees 80 0
50-99 Employees 42 0
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 0
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $0
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Gilliam
1-4 Employees 202 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%
5-9 Employees 110 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%
10-19 Employees 70 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%
20-49 Employees 69 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%
50-99 Employees 41 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%  
100-249 Employees 37 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 0
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%