Grant County

Key Organizations and Activities

Oregon Food Bank and OSU Extension completed a community food assessment for Grant County in 2010. A progress report was also issued in 2011. Research was also done into the feasibility of developing a community processing facility.

An on-line Grant County Local Food Guide is maintained by the Grant County Economic Development Department with assistance from the Grant County Oregon State University Extension Service. The guide lists regional resources including the John Day Farmers’ Market.

The John Day Community Garden provides individual plots for families as well as a larger community plot for garden education and to supply local food pantries.

Other local resources appear to be focused primarily on emergency food assistance.

Community Goals and Recommendations

Priorities from the 2010 community food assessment included:

  1. Educate consumers about accessing, use and benefits of locally produced foods.
    1. Continue to publish the Grant County Local Food Guide.
  2. Educate producers about diversification, alternative crops and production methods.
  3. Expand the market for local food by networking local producers and local buyers.
    1. Connect with restaurants, schools, hospitals and senior centers.
  4. Support processing options to enhance raw products or create value-added products.
    1. Conduct a feasibility study for a community processing facility.
  5. Explore options to alleviate transportation challenges in a dispersed and isolated county.
    1. Explore backhaul and other cooperative opportunities.
  6. Promote opportunities and education that help expand an individual’s food resources.
    1. Promote community gardens as a source of food and education.
    2. Provide education to enhance consumer food shopping and meal planning skills.
    3. Offer more opportunities for food preparation and preservation education.

In 2011, an additional recommendation was made:

  1. Form a “Community Food System Partnership” to gather community members on a regular basis to share meals, information and resources, and discuss food system needs.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Grant
Population (2007) 3,745,455 7,527
Population (2014) 3,962,710 7,425
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   -1%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Grant
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $19,717,845
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $20,490,144
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   4%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Grant
2007 Grocery Stores 751 3
2013 Grocery Stores 768 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   0.0%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 2,509
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 2,478
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -1.2%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Grant
2007 394 2
2013 366 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   -50.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Grant
2006 Percentage 1.0% 17.1%
2006 People Affected 36,785 1331
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 17.7%
2010 People Affected 195,215 1,320
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   3.8%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Grant
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.83
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.77
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   -2.1%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Grant
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 14.4%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 15.4%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   6.9%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Grant
2009 16.8% 19.3%
2013 15.8% 17.8%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -7.8%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Grant
2009 68% 44%
2013 73% 56%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   27.3%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Grant
2015 Farmers Markets 172 2
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 0
Percent of Total 49%   0%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Grant
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) N
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Grant
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 Unknown
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 Unknown
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Grant
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 1
Number of Schools Included 1,262 8
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 12.5%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 1
Number of Schools Included 1,174 7
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 14.3%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   0.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent N
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Grant
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 892,400
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 656,410
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -26.4%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Grant
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $306
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $805
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   163.1%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Grant
2002: Total Farms 40,033 394
2012: Total Farms 35,439 398
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   1.0%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 297
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 267
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -10.1%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 59
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 72
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   22.0%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 20
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 35
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   75.0%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 18
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 24
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   33.3%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Grant
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 1
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 3
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   200.0%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 4
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 5
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   25.0%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 35
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 66
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   88.6%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 225
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 244
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   8.4%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 7
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 13
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   85.7%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 15
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 17
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   13.3%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 20
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 21
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   5.0%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 307
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 369
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   20.2%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Grant
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 0
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 10
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 2
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   12
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Less Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 7
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 5
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 5
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   17
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   41.7%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Less Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Grant
2002: Organic Farms 515 5
2012: Organic Farms 554 0
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   -100.0%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Grant
2002: Average Age 54.9 56.6
2012: Average Age 59.6 58.6
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   3.5%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Grant
2007 67,222 482
2014 61,967 454
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -5.8%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Grant
2007 $1,020,772,000 $2,740,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $3,490,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   27.4%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Grant
2007 $15,185 $5,685
2014 $17,907 $7,687
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   35.2%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Grant
2012: Number of Farms 761 3
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1% 0.8%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Grant
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 33
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 44
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   33.3%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 11.1%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Grant
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 35
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 34
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   -2.9%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 8.5%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $297,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $146,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   -50.8%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $8,485.71
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $4,294.12
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   -49.4%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $38.41
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $19.60
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   -49.0%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Grant
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.5%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Grant
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 0
2015 Farmers Markets 172 2
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 3,713
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Grant
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 1
Number of School Districts 202 5
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   20%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Grant
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 7
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   1.8%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Grant
2007 467 3
2013 753 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Grant
2007 498 1
2013 548 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   -100.0%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Grant
1-4 Employees 163 0
5-9 Employees 88 0
10-19 Employees 78 1
20-49 Employees 80 0
50-99 Employees 42 0
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 D
Ranges for non-disclosed data 20-99 emp.
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 D
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Grant
1-4 Employees 202 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  23.9%
5-9 Employees 110 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  25.0%
10-19 Employees 70 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   -100.0%
20-49 Employees 69
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -13.8%
50-99 Employees 41 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -2.4%    
100-249 Employees 37 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  32.1%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 0
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%