Jefferson County

Key Organizations and Activities

Central Oregon Intergovernmental Council (COIC) completed a community food assessment for Central Oregon in 2010, which included Crook, Deschutes and Jefferson Counties.

COIC also completed feasibility studies for a Community Supported Marketing Initiative fore Meat Products (2012) and a Central Oregon Food Hub (2013).

The High Desert Food & Farm Alliance (HDFFA) was formed in 2012 to support a community based food system in Central Oregon. HDFFA provides links to resources for farmers and ranchers, maintains a list of regional community gardens and garden with guidance for starting new gardens, and offers Seed to Supper and Cooking Matters classes.

HDFFA also publishes an annual local food and farm directory for Central Oregon.

A Central Oregon Food Summit was held in 2014.

A series of five High Desert Educational Agricultural Tours (EATS) are also being planned to highlight farms in Jefferson County.

Central Oregon Locavore is a non-profit social enterprise that supports local farms and food producers through an in-door retail market and educational programs for consumers and youth.

Community Goals and Recommendations

Priorities from the 2010 community food assessment included:

Food Production

  • Define and communicate market demand for local products.
  • Diversify and expand production of alternate crops.
  • Enhance coordination and specialization among growers.
  • Leverage federal assistance programs to increase accessibility of local products for low-income families.
  • Provide guidance for producers on perceived regulatory barriers.
  • Assess and communicate factors affecting farm profitability in local markets.
  • Support farmer networking.

Making the Connection: Consumers and Producers

  • Address commercial buyer concerns for product availability, quality, consistency, and food safety.
  • Support cooperative marketing and distribution efforts.
  • Facilitate communication between sellers and buyers on key concerns.
  • Build capacity of local farmers’ markets to improve operations.
  • Address transportation issues limiting low-income access to food.
  • Provide nutrition, gardening, shopping on a budget, and cooking skills education.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Jefferson
Population (2007) 3,745,455 22,030
Population (2014) 3,962,710 22,205
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   1%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Jefferson
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $57,710,127
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $61,277,260
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   6%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Jefferson
2007 Grocery Stores 751 7
2013 Grocery Stores 768 8
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   14.3%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 3,147
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 2,755
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -12.5%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Jefferson
2007 394 1
2013 366 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   0.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Jefferson
2006 Percentage 1.0% 7.8%
2006 People Affected 36,785 1470
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 10.8%
2010 People Affected 195,215 2,348
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   37.9%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Jefferson
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.77
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $3.04
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   9.7%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Jefferson
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 16.9%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 20.9%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   23.7%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Jefferson
2009 16.8% 20.4%
2013 15.8% 15.6%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -23.5%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Jefferson
2009 68% 99%
2013 73% 99%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   0.0%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Jefferson
2015 Farmers Markets 172 1
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 1
Percent of Total 49%   100%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Jefferson
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Jefferson
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 5
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 4,408
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Jefferson
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 1
Number of Schools Included 1,262 13
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 7.7%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 1
Number of Schools Included 1,174 9
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 11.1%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   0.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Jefferson
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 701,440
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 817,051
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   16.5%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Jefferson
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $561
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $641
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   14.3%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Jefferson
2002: Total Farms 40,033 428
2012: Total Farms 35,439 474
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   10.7%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 272
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 321
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   18.0%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 65
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 61
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   -6.2%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 39
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 35
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -10.3%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 52
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 57
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   9.6%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Jefferson
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 16
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 14
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   -12.5%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 1
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 8
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   700.0%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 41
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 67
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   63.4%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 162
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 154
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -4.9%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 4
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 10
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   150.0%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 14
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 17
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   21.4%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 28
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 27
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -3.6%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 266
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 297
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   11.7%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Jefferson
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 7
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 4
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 6
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   17
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Less Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 10
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 4
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 5
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   19
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0% 11.8%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Less Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Jefferson
2002: Organic Farms 515 2
2012: Organic Farms 554 2
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   0.0%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Jefferson
2002: Average Age 54.9 53.2
2012: Average Age 59.6 59.3
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   11.5%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Jefferson
2007 67,222 769
2014 61,967 773
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   0.5%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Jefferson
2007 $1,020,772,000 $9,150,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $13,055,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   42.7%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Jefferson
2007 $15,185 $11,899
2014 $17,907 $16,889
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   41.9%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Jefferson
2012: Number of Farms 761 1
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1% 0.2%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Jefferson
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 28
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 36
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   28.6%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 7.6%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Jefferson
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 37
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 32
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   -13.5%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 6.8%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $104,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $59,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   -43.3%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $2,810.81
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $1,843.75
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   -34.4%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $5.24
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $2.69
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   -48.7%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Jefferson
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 3
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   0.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.6%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Jefferson
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 1
2015 Farmers Markets 172 1
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   0%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 22,715
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 22,205
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -2.2%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Jefferson
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 2
Number of School Districts 202 4
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   50%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Jefferson
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 13
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   2.7%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Jefferson
2007 467 0
2013 753 7
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Jefferson
2007 498 1
2013 548 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   100.0%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Jefferson
1-4 Employees 163 1
5-9 Employees 88 0
10-19 Employees 78 0
20-49 Employees 80 0
50-99 Employees 42 0
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 D
Ranges for non-disclosed data 0-19 emp.
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 D
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Jefferson
1-4 Employees 202 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   100.0%
5-9 Employees 110 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  25.0%
10-19 Employees 70 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -10.3%
20-49 Employees 69 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -13.8%
50-99 Employees 41 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -2.4%
100-249 Employees 37 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  32.1%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 A
Ranges for non-disclosed data 0-19 emp.
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 D
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%