Josephine County

Key Organizations and Activities

Josephine County Food Bank published a 2012 community food assessment for Josephine County, and operates Raptor Creek Farm and a garden program for low-income seniors.

A Rogue Valley Food System Network was established in 2013, with 15 board members representing six food system areas (health/nutrition education, food security, land use/farm land preservation, local food production, local food marketing, and food system research/evaluation).

With support and direction from the Network, Southern Oregon University published a Rogue Valley Grower Economic Assessment Report in 2014 and an interactive on-line food system map in 2015.

Other key local organizations include THRIVE, Rogue Valley Farm to School and Rogue Farm Corps.

  • THRIVE publishes the Rogue Flavor local food guide, and is facilitating linkages between local farmers and retail food stores through a Rogue Valley Grown
  • Rogue Valley Farm to School supports farm education programs for youth at 5 sites, garden education at schools, and farm-to-cafeteria procurement for school lunches.
  • Rogue Farm Corps offers training and internship opportunities for beginning farmers.

Fry Family Farm is also developing a new food aggregation and distribution hub, with support from Oregon Regional Solutions and the USDA Local Food Promotion Program, which will help local farmers better serve regional wholesale markets.

Community Goals and Recommendations

Needs and priorities from the 2012 community food assessment included:

  1. Develop producer buying and marketing co-ops to increase efficiency.
  2. Encourage more crop coordination and niche development among vegetable growers.
  3. Find a larger, indoor location for the Grower’s Market to allow year-round operation.
  4. Develop a pipeline with contracting and aggregation.to get local produce into independent and chain grocery stores.
  5. Develop regional connections for placement of local crop surpluses.
  6. Develop a community accessible USDA certified processing and distribution facility.
  7. Address lack of access to grocery stores away from the Grants Pass Parkway and in northern Josephine County
  8. Develop strategies to make CSA shares more affordable for low-income families.
  9. Provide education for low-income families on utilizing fresh unprocessed produce.

The Rogue Valley Community Food Systems Network has adopted its own set of strategic plan goals for 2016-2018, which include:

  1. Increase visibility and engagement with the community
  2. Convene critical stakeholders to assess and address challenges, and to connect the dots
  3. Collaborate with regional and statewide food system efforts
  4. Ensure the sustainability of the Network
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Josephine
Population (2007) 3,745,455 82,390
Population (2014) 3,962,710 83,105
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   1%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Josephine
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $215,830,112
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $229,337,837
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   6%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Josephine
2007 Grocery Stores 751 19
2013 Grocery Stores 768 21
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   10.5%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 4,336
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 3,944
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -9.1%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Josephine
2007 394 9
2013 366 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   -55.6%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Josephine
2006 Percentage 1.0% 1.0%
2006 People Affected 36,785 746
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 6.4%
2010 People Affected 195,215 5,269
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   540.0%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Josephine
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.57
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.96
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   15.2%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Josephine
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 17.3%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 19.7%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   13.9%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Josephine
2009 16.8% 20.6%
2013 15.8% 17.7%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -14.1%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Josephine
2009 68% 75%
2013 73% 80%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   6.7%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Josephine
2015 Farmers Markets 172 4
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 2
Percent of Total 49%   50%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Josephine
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active Y
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Josephine
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 Unknown
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 Unknown
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Josephine
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 2
Number of Schools Included 1,262 24
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 8.3%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 15
Number of Schools Included 1,174 26
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 57.7%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   650.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Josephine
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 32,370
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 28,256
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -12.7%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Josephine
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $4,153
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $10,052
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   142.0%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Josephine
2002: Total Farms 40,033 728
2012: Total Farms 35,439 617
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -15.2%
-4,594
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 674
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 535
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -20.6%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 34
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 53
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   55.9%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 11
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 14
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   27.3%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 9
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 15
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   66.7%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Josephine
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 43
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 91
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   111.6%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 104
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 122
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   17.3%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 106
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 109
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   2.8%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 223
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 157
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -29.6%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 23
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 9
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -60.9%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 43
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 20
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -53.5%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 51
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 48
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -5.9%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 593
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 556
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -6.2%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Josephine
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 32
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 20
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 3
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   55
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Greater Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 32
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 23
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 3
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   58
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   5.5%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Greater Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Josephine
2002: Organic Farms 515 23
2012: Organic Farms 554 33
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   43.5%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Josephine
2002: Average Age 54.9 57.3
2012: Average Age 59.6 62.5
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   9.1%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Josephine
2007 67,222 845
2014 61,967 862
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   2.0%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Josephine
2007 $1,020,772,000 $3,629,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $6,882,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   89.6%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Josephine
2007 $15,185 $4,295
2014 $17,907 $7,984
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   85.9%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Josephine
2012: Number of Farms 761 24
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1%   3.9%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Josephine
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 71
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 85
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   19.7%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 13.8%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Josephine
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 167
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 177
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   6.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 28.7%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $566,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $1,047,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   85.0%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $3,389.22
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $5,915.25
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   74.5%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $7.29
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $12.65
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   73.5%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Josephine
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 17
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 14
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   -17.6%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 2.3%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Josephine
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 3
2015 Farmers Markets 172 4
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   33%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 27,888
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 20,776
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -25.5%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Josephine
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 2
Number of School Districts 202 2
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   100%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Josephine
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 47
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   7.6%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Josephine
2007 467 16
2013 753 22
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%   37.50%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Josephine
2007 498 5
2013 548 7
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   40.0%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Josephine
1-4 Employees 163 1
5-9 Employees 88 2
10-19 Employees 78 0
20-49 Employees 80 1
50-99 Employees 42 1
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 D
Ranges for non-disclosed data 100-249 emp.
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 D
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Josephine
1-4 Employees 202 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   100.0%
5-9 Employees 110 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%   0.0%
10-19 Employees 70 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -10.3%
20-49 Employees 69 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%   0.0%
50-99 Employees 41 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%%   0.0%
100-249 Employees 37 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  32.1%    
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 C
Ranges for non-disclosed data 100-249 emp.
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 D
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%