Klamath County

Key Organizations and Activities

Klamath & Lake Community Action Services partnered with Oregon Food Bank to complete a community food assessment in 2011 titled, “ Building Healthy Communities in the High Desert.

Klamath Sustainable Communities offers a 2011 Local Food Guide, guidance on buying meat direct from farmers/ranchers, and some information on gardening and food preservation. The Klamath-Lake Food Explorer website also has a listing of local farmers that sell direct, farmers’ markets, community gardens, food pantries and other resources.

As of 2014, six Klamath County schools have introduced school gardens (from zero in 2007).

Klamath County has seen increases in the number of farmers markets and in total sales direct to consumers. However, the number of farms selling food direct to consumers fell 30% from 2002 to 2012. Farmers exploring local markets may have been discouraged by average annual sales per farm just over $3,200 in 2012. The reality is that Klamath County citizens currently spend only 36% of the Oregon average on farm-direct purchasing.

Production trends suggest the availability and diversity of local foods are increasing. While Klamath County has seen decreases in the number of farmers/ranchers reporting sales of livestock products of all types from 2002 to 2012, there have been significant increases in the number of farmers raising vegetable crops and in the number of crops raised. The number of certified organic farms has also more than doubled (from 15 to 32). More local food options may well translate to more local food spending by consumers.

Community Goals and Recommendations

According to Feeding America, the average cost of a meal in Klamath County increased over 18% from 2009 to 2013 (to $3.04), and is now nearly 10% higher than the Oregon average.

Goals from the 2011 community food assessment include:

  • Improve consumer awareness with a Buy Local campaign and annual Local Food Guide.
  • Achieve 100% SNAP acceptance in rural grocery stores.
  • Establish city and county codes to allow ownership of bees and small farm animals.
  • Develop a plan for transitioning to healthier school menus.
  • Support food micro-entrepreneurs with access to affordable community kitchens.
  • Determine the feasibility of a dehydrating facility for wild mushrooms.
  • Determine the feasibility of establishing a USDA certified meat processing facility.

Given the low level of consumer spending on local foods, the authors of this report support goals for increasing citizen awareness, education and engagement in food systems efforts.

Given the growing, but still limited, number of farms reporting sales of fruit and vegetables in Klamath County, the authors of this report also suggest a focus on support for continued agricultural diversification, and incorporation of season extension strategies and technologies (such as row covers and greenhouses) to increase the availability of local produce.

Small state-licensed poultry processing may be more practical than USDA red meat processing.

GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Klamath
Population (2007) 3,745,455 65,766
Population (2014) 3,962,710 66,910
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   2%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Klamath
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $172,281,625
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $184,645,865
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   7%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Klamath
2007 Grocery Stores 751 16
2013 Grocery Stores 768 19
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   18.8%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 4,110
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 3,516
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -14.5%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Klamath
2007 394 10
2013 366 6
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   -40.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Klamath
2006 Percentage 1.0% 7.6%
2006 People Affected 36,785 4777
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 12.6%
2010 People Affected 195,215 8,378
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   65.4%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Klamath
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.57
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $3.04
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   18.3%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Klamath
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 17.6%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 18.6%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   5.7%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Klamath
2009 16.8% 20.1%
2013 15.8% 16.8%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -16.4%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Klamath
2009 68% 70%
2013 73% 84%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   20.0%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Klamath
2015 Farmers Markets 172 4
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 1
Percent of Total 49%   25%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oreon Klamath
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Klamath
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 5
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 13,362
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Klamath
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 0
Number of Schools Included 1,262 30
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 0.0%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 6
Number of Schools Included 1,174 27
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 22.2%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   NA
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Klamath
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 702,951
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 650,416
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -7.5%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Klamath
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $1,012
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $1,475
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   45.8%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Klamath
2002: Total Farms 40,033 1228
2012: Total Farms 35,439 955
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -22.2%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 850
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 609
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -28.4%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 188
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 138
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   -26.6%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 104
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 83
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -20.2%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 86
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 125
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   45.3%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Klamath
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 9
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 69
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   666.7%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 4
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 6
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   50.0%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 119
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 112
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   -5.9%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 586
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 434
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -25.9%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 42
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 23
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -45.2%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 43
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 12
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -72.1%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 104
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 66
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -36.5%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 907
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 722
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -20.4%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Klamath
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 12
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 6
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 5
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   23
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Less Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 19
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 3
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 6
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   28
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   21.7%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Less Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Klamath
2002: Organic Farms 515 15
2012: Organic Farms 554 32
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   113.3%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Klamath
2002: Average Age 54.9 53
2012: Average Age 59.6 59.5
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   12.3%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Klamath
2007 67,222 1,774
2014 61,967 1,549
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -12.7%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Klamath
2007 $1,020,772,000 $21,449,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $32,369,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   50.9%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Klamath
2007 $15,185 $12,091
2014 $17,907 $20,897
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   72.8%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Klamath
2012: Number of Farms 761 11
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1%   1.2%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Klamath
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 71
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 77
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   8.5%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 8.1%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Klamath
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 122
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 85
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   -30.3%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 8.9%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $226,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $277,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   22.6%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $1,852.46
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $3,258.82
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   75.9%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $3.50
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $4.15
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   18.5%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Klamath
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 6
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 7
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   16.7%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.7%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Klamath
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 1
2015 Farmers Markets 172 4
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   300%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 66,289
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 16,728
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -74.8%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Klamath
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 2
Number of School Districts 202 2
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   100%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Klamath
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 19
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   2.0%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Klamath
2007 467 7
2013 753 7
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%    
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Klamath
2007 498 5
2013 548 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   -60.0%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Klamath
1-4 Employees 163 1
5-9 Employees 88 2
10-19 Employees 78 1
20-49 Employees 80 0
50-99 Employees 42 0
100-249 Employees 28 1
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 D
Ranges for non-disclosed data 100-249 emp.
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 D
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Klamath
1-4 Employees 202 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   -100.0%
5-9 Employees 110 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%   -50.0%
10-19 Employees 70 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   -100.0%
20-49 Employees 69 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -13.8%
50-99 Employees 41 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013  -2.4%
100-249 Employees 37 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%   0.0%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 C
Ranges for non-disclosed data 100-249 emp.
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 D
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%