Lake County

Key Organizations and Activities

Klamath & Lake Community Action Services partnered with Oregon Food Bank to complete a community food assessment in 2011 titled, “ Building Healthy Communities in the High Desert.”

A RARE volunteer is conducting a new 2016 community food assessment specifically for Lake County sponsored by the Lake Health District Hospital. She is also maintaining a blog with updates about the process and stories about community stakeholders.

A grass-roots, community group, Outback Food Initiative, formed in 2015 with the goal of improving access to fresh, healthy food in Lake County – and is now meeting monthly. That group is organizing a FEAST community conversation about food systems and has recruited participants for a consumer food buying club.

The Klamath-Lake Food Explorer website has a listing of local farmers that sell direct, farmers markets, community gardens, food pantries and other resources. Lake County has seen increases in the number of farmers markets, the number of farms selling food direct to consumers, and in total sales direct to consumers.

However, Lake County is not actively participating in farm-to-school activities, with no schools reported to have gardens in 2014 and no school districts in the county applying for Oregon Department of Education funding to support procurement and related educational programming in the 2014-2015 school year.

Community Goals and Recommendations

US Census County Business Patterns data shows that Lake County lost 2 of its 3 grocery stores from 2007 to 2013, significantly reducing access to food. The USDA Economic Research Service reported in 2010 that Lake County now has the second highest percentage in the state (22.1%) of people who are low-income and have low access to food.

Goals from the 2011 community food assessment include:

  • Create a coalition of regional stakeholders to address issues around hunger and health and to initiate regional food systems projects.
  • Work on strategic plans for food access with Native American and rural communities.
  • Incorporate gardening activities in after school programs and church youth activities.
  • Improve access to adult gardening education.
  • Increase the number of direct sale markets.
  • Encourage the production and sale of everyday food items like produce, milk, and meat in rural communities.

Given the very limited number of farms reporting sales of fruit and vegetables in Lake County, the authors of this report also suggest a focus on diversifying agricultural production, and incorporating season extension strategies and technologies (such as row covers and greenhouses) to increase the availability of local produce.

GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Lake
Population (2007) 3,745,455 7,808
Population (2014) 3,962,710 7,990
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   2%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Lake
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $20,453,957
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $22,049,327
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   8%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Lake
2007 Grocery Stores 751 3
2013 Grocery Stores 768 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -66.7%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 2,603
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 7,940
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   205.1%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Lake
2007 394 0
2013 366 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   NA
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Lake
2006 Percentage 1.0% 17.6%
2006 People Affected 36,785 1300
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 22.1%
2010 People Affected 195,215 1,745
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   25.3%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Lake
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.82
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.85
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   1.1%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Lake
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 17.7%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 17.8%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   0.6%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Lake
2009 16.8% 19.3%
2013 15.8% 17.9%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -7.3%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Lake
2009 68% 60%
2013 73% 68%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   13.3%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Lake
2015 Farmers Markets 172 3
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 1
Percent of Total 49%   33%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Lake
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Lake
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 Unknown
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 Unknown
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Lake
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 0
Number of Schools Included 1,262 8
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 0.0%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 0
Number of Schools Included 1,174 5
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 0.0%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   0.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent N
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Lake
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 747,888
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 657,055
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -12.1%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Lake
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $487
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $1,017
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   108.8%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Lake
2002: Total Farms 40,033 462
2012: Total Farms 35,439 373
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -19.3%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 240
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 188
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -21.7%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 91
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 59
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   -35.2%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 61
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 43
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -29.5%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 70
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 83
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   18.6%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Lake
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 0
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 6
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 1
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 2
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   100.0%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 42
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 41
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   -2.4%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 227
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 195
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -14.1%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 25
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 11
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -56.0%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 9
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 0
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -100.0%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 27
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 23
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -14.8%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 331
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 278
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -16.0%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Lake
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 3
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 6
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 2
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   11
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Less Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 6
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 2
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 3
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   11
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   0.0%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Less Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Lake
2002: Organic Farms 515 1
2012: Organic Farms 554 17
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   1600.0%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Lake
2002: Average Age 54.9 55.7
2012: Average Age 59.6 58.3
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   4.7%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Lake
2007 67,222 606
2014 61,967 561
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -7.4%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Lake
2007 $1,020,772,000 $8,253,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $11,223,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   36.0%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Lake
2007 $15,185 $13,619
2014 $17,907 $20,005
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   46.9%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Lake
2012: Number of Farms 761 7
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1%   1.9%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Lake
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 23
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 27
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   17.4%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 7.2%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Lake
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 22
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 35
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   59.1%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 9.4%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $44,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $184,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   318.2%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $2,000.00
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $5,257.14
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   162.9%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $5.84
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $23.23
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   297.8%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Lake
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 2
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   0.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.5%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Lake
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 1
2015 Farmers Markets 172 3
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   200%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 7,906
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 2,663
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -66.3%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Lake
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 0
Number of School Districts 202 5
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   0%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Lake
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 13
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   3.5%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Lake
2007 467 D
2013 753 D
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%    
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Lake
2007 498 1
2013 548 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   0.0%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Lake
1-4 Employees 163 0
5-9 Employees 88 0
10-19 Employees 178 1
20-49 Employees 80 0
50-99 Employees 42 0
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 D
Ranges for non-disclosed data 0-19 emp.
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 D
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES OREGON Lake
1-4 Employees 202 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%  
5-9 Employees 110 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%  
10-19 Employees 70 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   -100.0%
20-49 Employees 69 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%
50-99 Employees 41 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%
100-249 Employees 37 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 A
Ranges for non-disclosed data 0-19 emp.
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 D
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%