Lincoln County

Key Organizations and Activities

Lincoln City has an Oregon Solutions designated Local Food Project in 2009.

Ten Rivers Food Web published a community food assessment for Lincoln County in 2011, and supports an on-line local food directory for Lincoln, Linn and Benton counties.

A Lincoln County Local Foods group was also formed in 2011, which meets monthly.

The Oregon Cascades West Council of Governments has published a State of the Region report for Benton, Lincoln and Linn counties, with a sub-report on food access and agriculture.

OSU Extension supports a Lincolncofoods website to make connections between consumers and providers of local farm and seafood products. A related blog and Facebook page provide links to educational materials and events. Links are also available for local farms, farmers’ markets and commercial food buyers interested in sourcing local foods.

OSU Extension also offers Master Gardener classes in Lincoln County.

The Newport Farmers Market has implemented a successful SNAP Match incentive program, which is self-funded through the Lemonade Project.

The Siletz Healthy Traditions project seeks to improve the health of Siletz Tribal Members through educational activities which promote the use of traditional foods through hunting, gathering, gardening, cooking, food preservation and protecting our natural resources.

Community Goals and Recommendations

According to Feeding America, the average cost of a meal in Lincoln County increased over 14% from 2009 to 2013 (to $3.25), and is now 17% higher than the Oregon average.

The 2011 Lincoln County community food assessment identified goals including:

  • Improve emergency food access for underserved groups. Address barriers and stigma.
  • Form a garden network to share information and resources, and recruit volunteers.
  • Support and encourage Farm to School efforts in all Lincoln County schools.
  • Encourage farmer adoption of season-extension infrastructure for year-round production.
  • Create more year-round marketing opportunities for local farmers and food producers.
  • Work with rural grocery store owners to expand fresh food options.
  • Develop Community Supported Fisheries, online markets and other direct-sale channels.
  • A comprehensive feasibility study to determine need and scope for cold storage and processing capacity for both farmers and fishermen.
  • Explore alternative distribution strategies.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Lincoln
Population (2007) 3,745,455 44,630
Population (2014) 3,962,710 46,890
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   5%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Lincoln
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $116,913,435
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $129,398,365
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   11%
FOOD ACCESS AND INSECURITY
SUPERMARKETS AND GROCERY STORES Oregon Lincoln
2007 Grocery Stores 751 21
2013 Grocery Stores 768 16
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -23.8%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 2,125
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 2,910
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   36.9%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Lincoln
2007 394 13
2013 366 14
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   7.7%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Lincoln
2006 Percentage 1.0% 1.0%
2006 People Affected 36,785 437
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 6.1%
2010 People Affected 195,215 2,786
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   510.0%
AVERAGE COST OF A MEAL Oregon Lincoln
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.84
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $3.25
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   14.4%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Lincoln
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 17.3%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 17.1%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   -1.2%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Lincoln
2009 16.8% 17.5%
2013 15.8% 15.3%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -12.6%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Lincoln
2009 68% 78%
2013 73% 84%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   7.7%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Lincoln
2015 Farmers Markets 172 6
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 5
Percent of Total 49%   83%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Lincoln
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Lincoln
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 3
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 15,520
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Lincoln
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 2
Number of Schools Included 1,262 16
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 12.5%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 11
Number of Schools Included 1,174 16
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 68.8%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   450.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent Y
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Lincoln
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 32,791
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 30,225
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -7.8%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Lincoln
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $2,607
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $4,795
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   83.9%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Lincoln
2002: Total Farms 40,033 374
2012: Total Farms 35,439 362
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -3.2%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 340
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 319
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -6.2%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 24
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 37
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   54.2%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 6
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 4
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -33.3%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 4
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 2
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   -50.0%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Lincoln
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 18
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 18
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   0.0%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 30
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 38
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   26.7%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 69
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 83
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   20.3%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 177
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 160
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -9.6%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 24
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 8
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -66.7%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 16
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 19
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   18.8%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 31
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 42
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   35.5%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Lincoln
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 365
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 368
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   0.8%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Lincoln
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 20
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 17
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 0
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   37
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Greater Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 21
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 15
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 0
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   36
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   -2.7%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Less Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Lincoln
2002: Organic Farms 515 17
2012: Organic Farms 554 2
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   -88.2%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Lincoln
2002: Average Age 54.9 55.4
2012: Average Age 59.6 60.6
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   9.4%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Lincoln
2007 67,222 443
2014 61,967 416
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -6.1%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Lincoln
2007 $1,020,772,000 $1,702,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $2,330,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   36.9%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Lincoln
2007 $15,185 $3,842
2014 $17,907 $5,601
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   45.8%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Lincoln
2012: Number of Farms 761 7
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1%   1.9%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Lincoln
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 51
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 49
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   -3.9%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 13.5%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Lincoln
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 105
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 95
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   -9.5%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 26.2%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $219,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $1,556,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   610.5%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $2,085.71
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $16,378.95
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   685.3%
       
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $4.90
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $33.61
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   586.0%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Lincoln
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 2
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   100.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 1.1%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Lincoln
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 3
2015 Farmers Markets 172 6
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   100%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 14,900
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 7,815
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -47.6%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Lincoln
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 2
Number of School Districts 202 1
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   200%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Lincoln
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 11
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   3.0%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Lincoln
2007 467 D
2013 753 9
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Lincoln
2007 498 12
2013 548 11
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   -8.3%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Lincoln
1-4 Employees 163 6
5-9 Employees 88 3
10-19 Employees 78 1
20-49 Employees 80 1
50-99 Employees 42 0
100-249 Employees 28 1
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 D
Ranges for non-disclosed data 100-249 emp.
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 D
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Lincoln
1-4 Employees 202 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   -33.3%
5-9 Employees 110 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%   33.3%
10-19 Employees 70 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   0.0%
20-49 Employees 69 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%   0.0%
50-99 Employees 41 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%
100-249 Employees 37 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%   0.0%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%
2013 Total Processor Employment 21,661 C
Ranges for non-disclosed data 100-249 emp.
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2013 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 D
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%