Linn County

Key Organizations and Activities

Ten Rivers Food Web completed a community food assessment for Linn County in 2011. An addendum to the assessment with reports on progress was also published in 2012.

An East Linn Garden Resource Guide was published in 2012.

Ten Rivers Food Web also supports an on-line local food directory for Linn, Lincoln, and Benton counties.

The Oregon Cascades West Council of Governments has published a State of the Region report for Benton, Lincoln and Linn counties, with a sub-report dedicated to food access and agriculture.

Calapooia Food Alliance is the parent organization for the Brownsville Farmers Market and the Brownsville Community Gardens.

The Santiam Food Alliance, centered in the areas around Lebanon and Sweet Home, works to raise awareness of local food and spread the joy of growing, buying, cooking, and eating local.

The group has organized Seed Exchanges, Food Preservation Fairs, and other events.

Community Goals and Recommendations

Goals from the 2011 community food assessment, presented under three headings, included:

Agriculture

  1. Increase support for new/young farmers.
  2. Engage larger-scale, non-food crop farms in a transition to food production (as with the Southern Willamette Valley Bean and Grain Project).
  3. Feasibility studies for scale-appropriate processing addressing three distinct needs: fruits and vegetables, meat, and secondary producers (micro-enterprise development).
  4. Feasibility study for local food aggregation and distribution.

Community Food Efforts

  1. Increase food literacy and understanding of the benefits of local food.
  2. Increase the visibility of local food and improve the local food directory.
  3. Assist institutional buyer efforts to purchase from local farms.
  4. Increase viability of rural grocery stores.

Barriers to Accessing Food

  1. Switch to “shopping style” emergency food pantries to allow client choice.
  2. Engage Latino community in food systems work.
  3. Increase access to food assistance in rural Linn County.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Linn
Population (2007) 3,745,455 109,320
Population (2014) 3,962,710 119,705
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   9%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Linn
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $286,376,354
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $330,339,760
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   15%
FOOD ACCESS AND INSECURITY
SUPERMARKETS AND GROCERY STORES Oregon Linn
2007 Grocery Stores 751 18
2013 Grocery Stores 768 18
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   0.0%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 6,073
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 6,593
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   8.5%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Linn
2007 394 10
2013 366 8
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   -20.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Linn
2006 Percentage 1.0% 1.6%
2006 People Affected 36,785 1586
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 8.6%
2010 People Affected 195,215 10,035
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   454.8%
AVERAGE COST OF A MEAL Oregon Linn
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.34
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.75
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   17.5%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Linn
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 14.9%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 19.5%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   30.9%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Linn
2009 16.8% 19.3%
2013 15.8% 16.2%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -16.1%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Linn
2009 68% 80%
2013 73% 80%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   0.0%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Linn
2015 Farmers Markets 172 4
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 4
Percent of Total 49%   100%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Linn
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) N
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Linn
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 6
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 19,778
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Linn
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 6
Number of Schools Included 1,262 50
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 12.0%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 25
Number of Schools Included 1,174 42
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 59.5%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   316.7%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Linn
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 385,589
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 331,316
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -14.1%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Linn
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $2,849
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $4,840
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   69.9%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Linn
2002: Total Farms 40,033 2346
2012: Total Farms 35,439 2,083
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -11.2%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 1939
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 1641
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -15.4%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 165
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 199
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   20.6%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 97
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 81
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -16.5%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 145
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 162
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   11.7%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Linn
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 73
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 84
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   15.1%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 216
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 231
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   6.9%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 300
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 415
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   38.3%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 873
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 734
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -15.9%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 49
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 35
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -28.6%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 79
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 96
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   21.5%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 270
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 242
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -10.4%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Linn
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 1860
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 1,837
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -1.2%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Linn
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 30
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 23
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 11
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   64
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Greater Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 33
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 23
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 11
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   67
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   4.7%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Greater Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Linn
2002: Organic Farms 515 29
2012: Organic Farms 554 36
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   24.1%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Linn
2002: Average Age 54.9 55.3
2012: Average Age 59.6 59.1
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   6.9%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Linn
2007 67,222 3,296
2014 61,967 3,508
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   6.4%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Linn
2007 $1,020,772,000 $40,372,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $51,655,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   27.9%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Linn
2007 $15,185 $12,249
2014 $17,907 $14,725
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   20.2%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Linn
2012: Number of Farms 761 49
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1%   2.4%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Linn
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 164
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 188
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   14.6%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 9.0%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Linn
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 425
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 419
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   -1.4%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 20.1%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $938,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $2,193,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   133.8%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $2,207.06
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $5,233.89
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   137.1%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $9.02
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $18.58
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   106.0%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Linn
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 16
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 26
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   62.5%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 1.2%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Linn
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 1
2015 Farmers Markets 172 4
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   300%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 110,865
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 29,926
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -73.0%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Linn
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 4
Number of School Districts 202 7
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   57%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Linn
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 93
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   4.5%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Linn
2007 467 18
2013 753 18
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%   0.00%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Linn
2007 498 17
2013 548 12
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   -29.4%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Linn
1-4 Employees 163 9
5-9 Employees 88 4
10-19 Employees 78 1
20-49 Employees 80 0
50-99 Employees 42 1
100-249 Employees 28 1
More than 250 Employees 19 1
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 662
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $26,580,000
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Linn
1-4 Employees 202 8
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   -11.1%
5-9 Employees 110 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%   -75.0%
10-19 Employees 70 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   -100.0%
20-49 Employees 69 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%  
50-99 Employees 41 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%   -100.0%
100-249 Employees 37 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%   0.0%
More than 250 Employees 19 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%   0.0%
2013 Total Processor Employment 21,661 614
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%   -7.3%
2013 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 $30,402,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%   14.4%