Marion County

Key Organizations and Activities

Marion-Polk Food Share completed a community food assessment for Marion and Polk Counties in 2015.

Marion-Polk Food Share also supports a network of 53 gardens in Marion and Polk counties, ranging from school projects to urban farms to demonstration sites to neighborhood gardens. A community kitchen is also used for demonstrations and cooking classes. A Youth Farm at Chemeketa Community College Salem campus also provides training in small farm business management.

A Mid-Willamette Valley Food Summit was held in 2016.

Salem Harvest is a nonprofit organization that connects farmers and backyard growers with volunteer pickers to harvest fruits and vegetables to share with food pantries.
A Planting Communities group exists in Woodburn promoting gardening and food self-sufficiency.

A Rooted in Food group has started in Silverton.

The City of Salem is also considering development of public market and food business incubator on the Portland Road corridor.

Community Goals and Recommendations

Priorities from the 2015 community food assessment include:

Opportunities for Agriculture

  1. Develop a Mid-Willamette Valley Farmer Network.
  2. Develop a Regional Food Label.
  3. Provide New Farmer Support and Training.
  4. Develop a Mid-Willamette Valley Food Hub.

Opportunities for Increasing Food Access

  1. Increase Latino Community Outreach and Involvement.
  2. Support School-Based Hunger-Relief Efforts.
  3. Provide SNAP and match incentives at Farmers Markets.
  4. Improve Rural Emergency Food Assistance.

Opportunities for Community Food Systems Development

  1. Cultivate Community Food System Leadership.
  2. Support Community Education about Local Agriculture.
  3. Publish a Local Food Guide.
  4. Address the Social-Impacts of Agriculture and Engage Farmworker Communities.
  5. Facilitate Farm to Institution Value Chains.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Marion
Population (2007) 3,745,455 307,481
Population (2014) 3,962,710 326,150
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   6%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Marion
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $805,481,958
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $900,048,558
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   12%
FOOD ACCESS AND INSECURITY
SUPERMARKETS AND GROCERY STORES Oregon Marion
2007 Grocery Stores 751 53
2013 Grocery Stores 768 40
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -24.5%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 5,802
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 8,072
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   39.1%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Marion
2007 394 30
2013 366 37
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   23.3%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Marion
2006 Percentage 1.0% 0.2%
2006 People Affected 36,785 523
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 4.7%
2010 People Affected 195,215 14,836
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   2373.7%
AVERAGE COST OF A MEAL Oregon Marion
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.41
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.72
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   12.9%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Marion
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 15.4%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 19.1%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   24.0%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Marion
2009 16.8% 16.9%
2013 15.8% 14.0%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -17.2%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Marion
2009 68% 74%
2013 73% 79%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   6.8%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Marion
2015 Farmers Markets 172 10
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 5
Percent of Total 49%   50%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Marion
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) N
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Marion
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 1
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 322,880
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Marion
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 6
Number of Schools Included 1,262 115
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 5.2%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 35
Number of Schools Included 1,174 113
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 31.0%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   483.3%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Marion
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 341,051
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 286,194
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -16.1%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Marion
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $5,107
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $7,942
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   55.5%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Marion
2002: Total Farms 40,033 3203
2012: Total Farms 35,439 2,567
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -19.9%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 2341
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 1818
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -22.3%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 389
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 295
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   -24.2%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 170
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 145
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   -14.7%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 303
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 309
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   2.0%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Marion
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 304
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 211
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   -30.6%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 754
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 578
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   -23.3%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 379
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 417
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   10.0%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 742
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 652
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -12.1%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 88
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 66
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -25.0%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 103
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 95
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -7.8%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 229
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 178
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -22.3%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Marion
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 2599
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 2,197
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -15.5%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Marion
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 37
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 25
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 8
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   70
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Greater Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 34
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 24
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 10
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   68
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   -2.9%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Greater Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Marion
2002: Organic Farms 515 35
2012: Organic Farms 554 35
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   0.0%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Marion
2002: Average Age 54.9 53.9
2012: Average Age 59.6 58
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   7.6%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Marion
2007 67,222 8,341
2014 61,967 6,996
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -16.1%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Marion
2007 $1,020,772,000 $189,182,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $188,073,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   -0.6%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Marion
2007 $15,185 $22,681
2014 $17,907 $26,883
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   18.5%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Marion
2012: Number of Farms 761 87
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1%   3.4%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Marion
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 167
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 187
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   12.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 7.3%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Marion
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 548
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 535
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   -2.4%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 20.8%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $1,991,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $6,338,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   218.3%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $3,633.21
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $11,846.73
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   226.1%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $6.87
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $19.78
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   187.8%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Marion
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 13
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 22
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   69.2%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.9%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Marion
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 6
2015 Farmers Markets 172 10
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   67%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 52,274
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 32,615
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -37.6%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Marion
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 11
Number of School Districts 202 13
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   85%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Marion
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 167
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   6.5%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Marion
2007 467 31
2013 753 46
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%   48.39%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Marion
2007 498 43
2013 548 50
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   16.3%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Marion
1-4 Employees 163 7
5-9 Employees 88 10
10-19 Employees 78 7
20-49 Employees 80 6
50-99 Employees 42 7
100-249 Employees 28 2
More than 250 Employees 19 4
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 3140
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $111,849,000
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Marion
1-4 Employees 202 16
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   128.6%
5-9 Employees 110 8
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%   -20.0%
10-19 Employees 70 7
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   0.0%
20-49 Employees 69 5
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%   -16.7%
50-99 Employees 41 5
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%   -28.6%
100-249 Employees 37 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%   50.0%
More than 250 Employees 19 6
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%   50.0%
2013 Total Processor Employment 21,661 3387
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%   7.9%
2013 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 $122,956,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%   9.9%