Polk County

Key Organizations and Activities

Marion-Polk Food Share completed a community food assessment for Marion and Polk Counties in 2015.

Marion-Polk Food Share also supports a network of 53 gardens in Marion and Polk counties, ranging from school projects to urban farms to demonstration sites to neighborhood gardens.

A Local Food Connection event was held in Independence in 2014, sponsored by the city and OSU Extension.

A Mid-Willamette Valley Food Summit was also held in 2016.

A Bucket Gardening project was started at the Iskam MǝkMǝk-Haws food pantry in Grand Ronde in 2015.

Dallas Youth Garden provides summer internships and gardening training to Dallas High School students.

Community Goals and Recommendations

Priorities from the 2015 community food assessment include:

Opportunities for Agriculture

  1. Develop a Mid-Willamette Valley Farmer Network.
  2. Develop a Regional Food Label.
  3. Provide New Farmer Support and Training.
  4. Develop a Mid-Willamette Valley Food Hub.

Opportunities for Increasing Food Access

  1. Increase Latino Community Outreach and Involvement.
  2. Support School-Based Hunger-Relief Efforts.
  3. Provide SNAP and match incentives at Farmers Markets.
  4. Improve Rural Emergency Food Assistance.

Opportunities for Community Food Systems Development

  1. Cultivate Community Food System Leadership.
  2. Support Community Education about Local Agriculture.
  3. Publish a Local Food Guide.
  4. Address the Social-Impacts of Agriculture and Engage Farmworker Communities.
  5. Facilitate Farm to Institution Value Chains.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Polk
Population (2007) 3,745,455 72,361
Population (2014) 3,962,710 77,735
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6% 7%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Polk
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $189,557,989
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $214,518,702
Change from 2007 to 2014 11% 13%
FOOD ACCESS AND INSECURITY
SUPERMARKETS AND GROCERY STORES Oregon Polk
2007 Grocery Stores 751 12
2013 Grocery Stores 768 12
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3% 0.0%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 6,030
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 6,422
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3% 6.5%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Polk
2007 394 4
2013 366 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1% -75.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Polk
2006 Percentage 1.0% 0.1%
2006 People Affected 36,785 79
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 8.3%
2010 People Affected 195,215 6,242
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3% 6284.6%
AVERAGE COST OF A MEAL Oregon Polk
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.71
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.97
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5% 9.6%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Polk
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 12.9%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 17.0%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8% 31.8%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Polk
2009 16.8% 15.0%
2013 15.8% 14.2%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0% -5.3%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Polk
2009 68% 63%
2013 73% 60%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4% -4.8%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Polk
2015 Farmers Markets 172 3
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 2
Percent of Total 49% 67%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Polk
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) N
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Polk
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 2
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 38,533
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Polk
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 2
Number of Schools Included 1,262 16
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 12.5%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 3
Number of Schools Included 1,174 15
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 20.0%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5% 50.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Polk
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 168,881
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 144,748
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6% -14.3%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Polk
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $4,948
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $6,141
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6% 24.1%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Polk
2002: Total Farms 40,033 1324
2012: Total Farms 35,439 1,143
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5% -13.7%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 1079
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 869
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0% -19.5%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 122
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 128
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6% 4.9%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 57
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 60
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3% 5.3%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 66
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 86
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4% 30.3%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Polk
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 42
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 53
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6% 26.2%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 258
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 271
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3% 5.0%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 170
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 181
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0% 6.5%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 369
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 314
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8% -14.9%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 43
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 27
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5% -37.2%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 50
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 36
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8% -28.0%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 119
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 114
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7% -4.2%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Polk
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 1051
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 996
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4% -5.2%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Polk
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 22
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 18
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 6
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85 46
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Greater Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 23
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 21
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 7
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85 51
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0% 10.9%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Greater Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Polk
2002: Organic Farms 515 17
2012: Organic Farms 554 19
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6% 11.8%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Polk
2002: Average Age 54.9 55.2
2012: Average Age 59.6 60.7
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6% 10.0%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Polk
2007 67,222 2,075
2014 61,967 2,100
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8% 1.2%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Polk
2007 $1,020,772,000 $33,424,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $34,434,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7% 3.0%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Polk
2007 $15,185 $16,108
2014 $17,907 $16,397
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9% 1.8%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Polk
2012: Number of Farms 761 18
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1% 1.6%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Polk
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 102
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 112
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3% 9.8%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 9.8%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Polk
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 235
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 195
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7% -17.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 17.1%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $652,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $1,152,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3% 76.7%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $2,774.47
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $5,907.69
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2% 112.9%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $10.01
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $15.03
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2% 50.2%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Polk
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 10
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 5
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7% -50.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.4%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Polk
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 1
2015 Farmers Markets 172 3
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72% 200%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 74,911
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 25,912
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7% -65.4%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Polk
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 5
Number of School Districts 202 5
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64% 100%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Polk
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 73
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4% 6.4%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Polk
2007 467 D
2013 753 11
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24% 37.50%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Polk
2007 498 7
2013 548 8
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0% 14.3%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Polk
1-4 Employees 163 3
5-9 Employees 88 0
10-19 Employees 78 0
20-49 Employees 80 0
50-99 Employees 42 1
100-249 Employees 28 2
More than 250 Employees 19 1
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 696
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $13,195,000
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Polk
1-4 Employees 202 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9% 0.0%
5-9 Employees 110 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%
10-19 Employees 70 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%
20-49 Employees 69 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%
50-99 Employees 41 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4% 0.0%
100-249 Employees 37 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1% -50.0%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0% -100.0%
2013 Total Processor Employment 21,661 E
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%
2013 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 D
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%