Tillamook County

Key Organizations and Activities

Oregon Food Bank completed a community food assessment for Tillamook County in 2013.

Food Roots, a non-profit based in Tillamook County with a mission to cultivate a healthy food system for the North Coast of Oregon, leads or is involved in many local efforts. Food Roots:

  • Publishes a Tillamook County Locally Grown Guide.
  • Has hosted 5 Food Corps service members to construct school gardens and provide children and youth with garden-based education in 3 school districts.
  • Provides support, including SNAP match programming, to 4 county farmers’ markets.
  • Offers business planning and IDA savings accounts for farm/food entrepreneurs, and,
  • Has partnered with the Port of Tillamook to construct two 30’ by 72’ hoop houses for extended season production, education and training.

Over the last several years, Food Roots has also collaborated with another non-profit, North Coast Food Web, to publish the on-line North Coast Food Guide and to support an annual Grow the Coast Conference.

A new organization, Nehelem Valley Farm Trust, was formed in 2014 to preserve farmland and increase local food production.

Other key organizations include Community Supported Fishery, a for-profit “boat to table” enterprise owned by fishermen operating out of the Port of Garibaldi.

Community Goals and Recommendations

The 2013 community food assessment includes goals in several categories, including:

  1. Agriculture and Fisheries
    1. Diversify agricultural production with crops suited to the North Coast climate.
    2. Increase access to land and training for beginning farmers.
    3. Get more local seafood into local markets.
  2. Food Access and Health:
    1. Increase participation in supplemental nutrition programs (SNAP, etc.).
    2. Increase availability of summer meal programs for children.
    3. Bring more healthy food into school meals and the emergency food system.
  3. Community Food Systems
    1. Create a formal county food system coalition or council.
    2. Conduct an economic analysis of the impact of the local food economy.
    3. Address infrastructure deficits for farmers and food entrepreneurs.

Tillamook County has lost nearly a third of its grocery stores since 2007 (3 out of 11) and has an average meal cost that is 13% higher than the Oregon average. This has likely helped spur per capita spending on food direct from farms at nearly 180% the Oregon average. Growing the local food market further will require increasing the availability and diversity of crops by increasing acreage under production and adoption of season extension strategies.

GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Tillamook
Population (2007) 3,745,455 25,845
Population (2014) 3,962,710 25,480
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6% -1%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Tillamook
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $67,703,960
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $70,315,000
Change from 2007 to 2014 11% 4%
FOOD ACCESS AND INSECURITY
SUPERMARKETS AND GROCERY STORES Oregon Tillamook
2007 Grocery Stores 751 11
2013 Grocery Stores 768 8
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3% -27.3%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 2,350
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 3,172
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3% 35.0%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Tillamook
2007 394 4
2013 366 6
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1% 50.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Tillamook
2006 Percentage 1.0% 8.1%
2006 People Affected 36,785 1936
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 8.7%
2010 People Affected 195,215 2,186
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3% 7.1%
AVERAGE COST OF A MEAL Oregon Tillamook
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.69
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $3.13
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5% 16.4%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Tillamook
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 15.4%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 17.6%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8% 14.3%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Tillamook
2009 16.8% 16.1%
2013 15.8% 14.2%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0% -11.8%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Tillamook
2009 68% 60%
2013 73% 70%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4% 16.7%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Tillamook
2015 Farmers Markets 172 3
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 3
Percent of Total 49% 100%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Tillamook
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Tillamook
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 8
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 3,172
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Tillamook
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 4
Number of Schools Included 1,262 12
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 33.3%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 8
Number of Schools Included 1,174 12
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 66.7%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5% 100.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent Y
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Tillamook
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 39,526
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 36,551
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6% -7.5%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Tillamook
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $5,259
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $6,259
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6% 19.0%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Tillamook
2002: Total Farms 40,033 333
2012: Total Farms 35,439 280
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5% -15.9%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 166
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 154
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0% -7.2%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 20
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 18
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6% -10.0%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 31
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 21
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3% -32.3%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 116
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 87
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4% -25.0%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Tillamook
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 6
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 18
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6% 200.0%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 6
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 10
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3% 66.7%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 34
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 49
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0% 44.1%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 214
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 167
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8% -22.0%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 150
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 89
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5% -40.7%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 5
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 5
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8% 0.0%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 16
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 18
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7% 12.5%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Tillamook
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 431
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 356
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4% -17.4%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Tillamook
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 7
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 4
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 0
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85 11
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Less Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 21
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 7
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 0
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85 28
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0% 154.5%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Less Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Tillamook
2002: Organic Farms 515 0
2012: Organic Farms 554 3
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Tillamook
2002: Average Age 54.9 54.2
2012: Average Age 59.6 58.1
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6% 7.2%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Tillamook
2007 67,222 740
2014 61,967 738
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8% -0.3%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Tillamook
2007 $1,020,772,000 $13,391,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $17,737,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7% 32.5%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Tillamook
2007 $15,185 $18,096
2014 $17,907 $24,034
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9% 32.8%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Tillamook
2012: Number of Farms 761 9
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1% 3.2%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Tillamook
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 24
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 10
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3% -58.3%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 3.6%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Tillamook
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 25
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 61
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7% 144.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 21.8%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $398,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $515,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3% 29.4%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $15,920.00
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $8,442.62
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2% -47.0%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $16.18
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $20.35
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2% 25.8%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Tillamook
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 14
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 5.0%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Tillamook
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 2
2015 Farmers Markets 172 3
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72% 50%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 13,065
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 8,493
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7% -35.0%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Tillamook
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 2
Number of School Districts 202 3
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64% 67%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Tillamook
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 22
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4% 7.9%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Tillamook
2007 467 13
2013 753 7
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24% -46.15%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Tillamook
2007 498 9
2013 548 9
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0% 0.0%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Tillamook
1-4 Employees 163 2
5-9 Employees 88 0
10-19 Employees 78 2
20-49 Employees 80 1
50-99 Employees 42 2
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 2
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 922
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $30,095,000
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Tillamook
1-4 Employees 202 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9% 50.0%
5-9 Employees 110 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%
10-19 Employees 70 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3% -50.0%
20-49 Employees 69 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8% -100.0%
50-99 Employees 41 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4% 0.0%
100-249 Employees 37 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%
More than 250 Employees 19 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0% -50.0%
2013 Total Processor Employment 21,661 795
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6% -13.8%
2013 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 $36,103,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5% 20.0%