Umatilla County

Key Organizations and Activities

The Community Action Program of East Central Oregon completed a community food assessment for East Central Oregon, including Umatilla County, in 2010.

Columbia Plateau Food Links is a regional group of individuals and organizations networking to promote and coordinate a healthy, sustainable and economically viable community food system. An associated Facebook page provides posting on regional farm and food events.

A Umatilla-Morrow County Food Guide was published in 2011.

A “What’s Your Connection?” Regional Farm and Food conference was held in 2012.

Oregon Rural Action published an updated local food guide for 5 counties, including Umatilla, in 2013.

Umatilla Morrow Headstart offers Cooking Matters classes.

The Umatilla County Master Gardner Program supports a number of demonstration and community gardens and offers garden training.

Other local resources appear to be focused primarily on emergency food assistance.

Community Goals and Recommendations

The 2010 Community Food Assessment included the following priorities:

  1. Recognize diversified local food system as a legitimate economic development strategy.
    1. Explore scale-appropriate policy and zoning solutions for expanding local food production, processing and distribution.
  2. Increase production and availability of local or regionally produced food.
    1. Explore funding, training and technical support for season-extending technologies and year-round produce growing and marketing.
    2. Increase local food system infrastructure including produce and grain storage and processing; meat slaughter and processing (including poultry), and distribution.
    3. Identify and encourage more farm-direct growers of diverse and alternative crops, especially chicken, grains, legumes and other differentiated food crops.
  3. Expand farm-direct marketing opportunities.
    1. Explore and develop producer cooperatives (purchasing, marketing, delivery).
  4. Expand public education opportunities around local food and farming.
  5. Ensure regular access to a stable fresh food supply for low-income citizens year-round.
    1. Explore “Healthy Corner Stores” or equivalent program to support underserved neighborhoods and communities.

These are worthy goals, but community engagement and commitment need to be increased.

GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Umatilla
Population (2007) 3,745,455 72,245
Population (2014) 3,962,710 78,340
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   8%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Umatilla
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $189,254,113
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $216,188,269
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   14%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Umatilla
2007 Grocery Stores 751 16
2013 Grocery Stores 768 12
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -25.0%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 4,515
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 6,491
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   43.8%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Umatilla
2007 394 5
2013 366 2
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   -60.0%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Umatilla
2006 Percentage 1.0% 2.6%
2006 People Affected 36,785 1776
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 9.5%
2010 People Affected 195,215 7,200
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   259.8%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Umatilla
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.48
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.90
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   16.9%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Umatilla
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 15.5%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 17.1%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   10.3%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Umatilla
2009 16.8% 15.9%
2013 15.8% 13.1%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -17.6%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Umatilla
2009 68% 82%
2013 73% 73%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   -11.0%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Umatilla
2015 Farmers Markets 172 5
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 0
Percent of Total 49%   0%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Umatilla
Community Food System Assessment Completed Y
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) Y
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Umatilla
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 Unknown
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 Unknown
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Umatilla
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 1
Number of Schools Included 1,262 37
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 2.7%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 7
Number of Schools Included 1,174 35
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 20.0%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   600.0%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent Y
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Umatilla
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 1,330,932
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 1,308,312
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -1.7%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Umatilla
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $765
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $1,633
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   113.5%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Umatilla
2002: Total Farms 40,033 1648
2012: Total Farms 35,439 1,603
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -2.7%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 1181
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 1045
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -11.5%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 211
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 202
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   -4.3%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 122
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 125
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   2.5%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 134
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 231
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   72.4%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Umatilla
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 91
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 80
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   -12.1%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 176
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 167
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   -5.1%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 132
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 159
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   20.5%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 555
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 488
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -12.1%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 28
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 15
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -46.4%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 56
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 34
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -39.3%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 106
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 88
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -17.0%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 1144
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 1,031
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -9.9%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Umatilla
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 23
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 16
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 8
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   47
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Greater Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 26
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 16
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 8
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   50
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   6.4%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Greater Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Umatilla
2002: Organic Farms 515 10
2012: Organic Farms 554 13
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   30.0%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Umatilla
2002: Average Age 54.9 54.7
2012: Average Age 59.6 59.5
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   8.8%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Umatilla
2007 67,222 3,002
2014 61,967 3,350
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   11.6%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Umatilla
2007 $1,020,772,000 $49,066,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $68,038,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   38.7%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Umatilla
2007 $15,185 $16,344
2014 $17,907 $20,310
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   24.3%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Umatilla
2012: Number of Farms 761 30
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1%   1.9%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Umatilla
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 105
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 112
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   6.7%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 7.0%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Umatilla
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 172
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 210
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   22.1%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 13.1%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $653,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $901,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   38.0%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $3,796.51
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $4,290.48
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   13.0%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $9.20
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $11.68
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   27.0%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Umatilla
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 7
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 5
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   -28.6%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 0.3%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Umatilla
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 2
2015 Farmers Markets 172 5
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   150%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 36,215
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 15,668
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -56.7%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Umatilla
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 6
Number of School Districts 202 11
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   55%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Umatilla
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 51
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   3.2%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Umatilla
2007 467 10
2013 753 14
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%   40.00%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Umatilla
2007 498 17
2013 548 17
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   0.0%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Umatilla
1-4 Employees 163 3
5-9 Employees 88 3
10-19 Employees 78 1
20-49 Employees 80 4
50-99 Employees 42 2
100-249 Employees 28 3
More than 250 Employees 19 1
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 1411
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $50,029,000
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Umatilla
1-4 Employees 202 5
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   66.7%
5-9 Employees 110 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%   -66.7%
10-19 Employees 70 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   0.0%
20-49 Employees 69 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%   0.0%
50-99 Employees 41 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%   -50.0%
100-249 Employees 37 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%   33.3%
More than 250 Employees 19 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%   0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 1340
Ranges for non-disclosed data
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%   -5.0%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 $49,578,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%   -0.9%