Yamhill County

Key Organizations and Activities

A Yamhill County Agribusiness Economic and Community Development Plan was completed in 2009, which called out opportunities for local marketing and value-added products.

Nourish Yamhill Valley conducted surveys that drew responses from nearly 700 consumers and 40 local farmers on food issues in Yamhill County in 2012. Notes are also available from four community conversations and a countywide food summit held in 2012-2013.

That effort led to the formation of the Yamhill Valley Farmers Network and publication of a Yamhill Valley Grown local food guide.

Also in 2013, a group of Linfield College students published “Can Yamhill County Feed Itself?”

A Yamco Farm Crawl features twice annual self-guided tours of local farms.

A regular Bounty of Yamhill County festival promotes local farm and food businesses.

A Slow Food Yamhill County chapter also exists.

Community Goals and Recommendations

A formal community food assessment has not been completed for Yamhill County. However, in the surveys conducted by Nourish Yamhill County, consumers identified priorities, including:

  • More local fresh food in schools  70 %
  • Fresh local foods in stores  63 %
  • SNAP/WIC accepted at Farmers Markets   50 %
  • Garden plots/community gardens   47 %
  • Gardening classes   31 %
  • A co-op or buying club  30 %
  • Meal planning or food budgeting classes   28 %
  • Cooking or food preservation classes  27 %

Farmers responding to the survey expressed interest in increased networking among small farmers and efforts to educate consumers and strengthen the market for local food.

Participants in the countywide food summit discussed:

  • Increasing Farm to School programming in Yamhill County
  • Increasing markets and value-added opportunities for local grains and legumes.
  • Developing a list of community kitchens and food processing facilities and services.
  • Conducting a feasibility study for a food hub.
GENERAL INFORMATION
POPULATION Oregon Yamhill
Population (2007) 3,745,455 93,085
Population (2014) 3,962,710 102,525
Population change from 2007 to 2014 6%   10%
ESTIMATED SPENDING ON FOOD (WESTERN REGION) Oregon Yamhill
2007 ($6,811 per household – average 2.6 persons) $9,811,651,540 $243,846,898
2014 ($7,175 per household – average 2.6 persons) $10,935,555,481 $282,929,567
Change from 2007 to 2014 11%   16%
FOOD ENVIRONMENT
SUPERMARKETS AND OTHER GROCERY STORES Oregon Yamhill
2007 Grocery Stores 751 18
2013 Grocery Stores 768 20
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   11.1%
2007 Citizens Per Grocery Store 4,987 5,171
2013 Citizens Per Grocery Store 5,103 5,070
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 2.3%   -2.0%
OTHER SPECIALTY FOOD STORES Oregon Yamhill
2007 394 7
2013 366 5
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -7.1%   -28.6%
LOW INCOME AND LOW ACCESS TO A GROCERY STORE Oregon Yamhill
2006 Percentage 1.0% 0.1%
2006 People Affected 36,785 104
2010 Percentage (latest data available) 5.0% 4.2%
2010 People Affected 195,215 4,188
Percentage Change 2006 to 2010 404.3%   3130.8%
Average Cost of a Meal Oregon Yamhill
2009 (National Cost: $2.54) $2.60 $2.79
2013 (National Cost: $2.79) $2.77 $2.90
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 6.5%   3.9%
INDIVIDUALS BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Oregon Yamhill
2009 (5-year estimates 2005-2009) 13.6% 12.9%
2014 (5-year estimates 2010-2014) 16.7% 16.7%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2012 22.8%   29.5%
FOOD INSECURITY RATE Oregon Yamhill
2009 16.8% 16.6%
2013 15.8% 13.1%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 -6.0%   -21.1%
SNAP PARTICIPATION RATE Oregon Yamhill
2009 68% 78%
2013 73% 71%
Percentage Change 2009 to 2013 7.4%   -9.0%
FARMERS MARKETS ACCEPTING SNAP BENEFITS Oregon Yamhill
2015 Farmers Markets 172 4
2015 Farmers Markets Accepting SNAP 84 1
Percent of Total 49%   25%
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
Oregon Yamhill
Community Food System Assessment Completed N
Food System Council or Working Group Formed and Active N
Food System Plan Published N
Dedicated Local Food Organization(s) (beyond food assistance) N
COMMUNITY GARDENS Oregon Yamhill
2014 Number of Community Garden Sites >158 1
2014 Number of Garden Plots Unknown Unknown
2014 Citizens Per Garden Site <24,804 101,400
NUMBER OF SCHOOL GARDENS Oregon Yamhill
2007 Number of School Gardens 161 7
Number of Schools Included 1,262 34
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 12.8% 20.6%
2014 Number of School Gardens (new data as of 1/25/2015) 582 12
Number of Schools Included 1,174 34
Percentage of Schools Reported to Have a Garden 49.6% 35.3%
Percentage Change 2007 to 2014 261.5%   71.4%
Access to Seed to Supper/Master Gardeners or Equivalent Y
Access to Cooking Matters or Equivalent N
FARM BASE
LAND IN FARMS Oregon Yamhill
2002: Total Land in Farms 17,080,422 196,298
2012: Total Land in Farms 16,301,578 177,365
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -4.6%   -9.6%
AVERAGE COST PER ACRE Oregon Yamhill
2002: Average Cost per Acre $1,202 $6,885
2012: Average Cost per Acre $1,882 $9,162
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 56.6%   33.1%
NUMBER OF FARMS BY SALES RANGE Oregon Yamhill
2002: Total Farms 40,033 2329
2012: Total Farms 35,439 2,028
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -11.5%   -12.9%
2002: Farms with Sales <$25,000 31,564 1919
2012: Farms with Sales <$25,000 26,835 1571
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -15.0%   -18.1%
2002: Farm with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 4282 232
2012: Farms with Sales $25,000 to $99,999 3958 238
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.6%   2.6%
2002: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1935 66
2012: Farms with Sales $100,000 to $249,999 1,755 97
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -9.3%   47.0%
2002: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2252 112
2012: Farms with Sales >$250,000 2891 122
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 28.4%   8.9%
FARMS WITH TYPICAL LOCAL FOOD CROPS Oregon Yamhill
2002: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1708 89
2012: Vegetables, melons, potatoes, and sweet potatoes 1889 90
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 10.6%   1.1%
2002: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5659 630
2012: Fruits, tree nuts, berries 5245 596
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -7.3%   -5.4%
2002: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 4588 264
2012: Poultry and eggs (all poultry) 6054 396
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 32.0%   50.0%
2002: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 13654 580
2012: Cattle and calves (farm with sales) 11,638 482
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -14.8%   -16.9%
2002: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 1133 42
2012: Milk cows (farms with inventory) 686 32
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -39.5%   -23.8%
2002: Hogs and pigs (farms with sales) 1558 83
2012: Hogs and pigs   (farms with sales) 1172 71
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -24.8%   -14.5%
2002: Sheep and goats 3219 189
2012: Sheep and goats 2810 147
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -12.7%   -22.2%
2002: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 31,519 1877
2012: Total Farms Raising Typical Local Food Crops 29,494 1,814
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 -6.4%   -3.4%
FOOD CROP DIVERSITY Oregon Yamhill
2007 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 26
2007 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 22
2007 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 7
2007 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   55
2007 Average # of different food crops 35 Greater Than
2012 Number of Different Vegetable, Potato, and/or Melon Crops 42 28
2012 Number of Different Fruit, Berries, Nut Crops 27 25
2012 Number of Different Grain or Cereal Crops 16 8
2012 TOTAL FOOD CROPS 85   61
Percentage Change in Total Crops from 2007 to 2012 0.0%   10.9%
2012 Average # of different food crops 38 Greater Than
Percentage Change in Average # of crops from 2007 to 2012 8.6%
NUMBER OF ORGANIC FARMS Oregon Yamhill
2002: Organic Farms 515 26
2012: Organic Farms 554 36
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 7.6%   38.5%
AVERAGE AGE OF FARMERS Oregon Yamhill
2002: Average Age 54.9 54.2
2012: Average Age 59.6 59.6
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 8.6%   10.0%
FARM EMPLOYMENT Oregon Yamhill
2007 67,222 4,379
2014 61,967 4,348
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 -7.8%   -0.7%
TOTAL FARM COMPENSATION Oregon Yamhill
2007 $1,020,772,000 $75,038,000
2014 $1,109,671,000 $81,828,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 8.7%   9.0%
AVERAGE ANNUAL COMPENSATION PER FARM JOB Oregon Yamhill
2007 $15,185 $17,136
2014 $17,907 $18,820
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.9%   9.8%
MARKET LINKAGES
FARMS WITH ON-FARM PACKING FACILITY Oregon Yamhill
2012: Number of Farms 761 65
2012 Percent of Farms with Packing Facilities 2.1%   3.2%
FARMS THAT PRODUCED AND SOLD VALUE-ADDED Oregon Yamhill
2007: Number of Farms 2,807 184
2012: Number of Farms 3,292 241
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 17.3%   31.0%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Value-Added 9.3% 11.9%
SALES TO INDIVIDUALS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION Oregon Yamhill
2002: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6383 433
2012: Number of Farms Reporting Direct Sales 6,680 451
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 4.7%   4.2%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Directly 18.8% 22.2%
2002: Total Reported Direct Sales $21,411,000 $922,000
2012: Total Reported Direct Sales $44,177,000 $1,389,000
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 106.3%   50.7%
2002 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $3,354.38 $2,129.33
2012 Average Direct Sales per Participating Farm $6,613.32 $3,079.82
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 97.2%   44.6%
2002 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $6.11 $10.54
2012 Farm Direct Sales per Capita $11.37 $13.81
Percentage Change 2002 to 2012 86.2%   31.1%
FARMS MARKETING PRODUCTS THROUGH A CSA Oregon Yamhill
2007 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 311 19
2012 Marketed through Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) 391 20
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 25.7%   5.3%
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Through CSA 1.1% 1.0%
NUMBER OF FARMERS MARKETS Oregon Yamhill
2009 Farmers Markets (Data from ERS Food Environment Atlas) 100 2
2015 Farmers Markets 172 4
Percentage Change from 2009 to 2015 72%   100%
2009 Citizens Per Farmers Market 38,235 47,625
2015 Citizens Per Farmers’ Market 23,039 25,631
Percentage Change 2009 to 2015 -39.7%   -46.2%
SCHOOL DISTRICTS PURCHASING LOCAL FOOD Oregon Yamhill
2014-2015 School Year (ODE Grantee list) 130 4
Number of School Districts 202 6
Percent of Districts Reporting Purchases of Local Food 64%   67%
FARMS MARKETING DIRECT TO RETAIL Oregon Yamhill
2007 No Data
2012 1,898 188
2012 Percent of Farms Selling Direct to Retail 5.4%   9.3%
NUMBER OF SOLE PROPRIETOR FOOD BUSINESSES (NAICS 311) Oregon Yamhill
2007 467 16
2013 753 25
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 61.24%   56.25%
TOTAL NUMBER OF FOOD PROCESSOR EMPLOYERS (NAICS 311) Oregon Yamhill
2007 498 18
2013 548 27
Percentage Change 2007 to 2012 10.0%   50.0%
2007 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Yamhill
1-4 Employees 163 6
5-9 Employees 88 1
10-19 Employees 78 3
20-49 Employees 80 5
50-99 Employees 42 3
100-249 Employees 28 0
More than 250 Employees 19 0
2007 Total Processor Employment 19,582 465
Ranges for non-disclosed data
2007 Total Processor Payroll $686,511,000 $15,921,000
2013 FOOD PROCESSORS BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES Oregon Yamhill
1-4 Employees 202 9
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.9%   50.0%
5-9 Employees 110 7
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 25.0%   600.0%
10-19 Employees 70 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -10.3%   0.0%
20-49 Employees 69 3
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -13.8%   -40.0%
50-99 Employees 41 4
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 -2.4%   33.3%
100-249 Employees 37 1
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 32.1%
More than 250 Employees 19 0
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 0.0%
2012 Total Processor Employment 21,661 647
Ranges for non-disclosed data 250-499 emp.
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 10.6%   39.1%
2012 Total Processor Payroll $848,004,000 $22,332,000
Percentage Change 2007 to 2013 23.5%   40.3%